Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 10 - 2020
The Effect of Parent-Child Play Therapy in Decreasing Depression and Anxiety among Patients with Acute Lymphoid Leukemia (ALL) and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Under Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy
Maryam Sedghi*, Samaneh Asgharian, Jeyran Shafieian and Neda Seyfollahi
Young Researchers Club, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Maryam Sedghi, Young Researchers Club, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran.
Received: July 18, 2020; Published: September 30, 2020




Abstract

Background and Objective: Children diagnosed with cancer show depression and anxiety symptoms that could lead to many problems in the process of treatment. The objective of play therapy is to decrease depression and anxiety, their symptoms and creating positive outcomes in the health of these children.

Methodology: This study is an interventional study. The statistical population in this study included all children between the age of 6 and 15 who were diagnosed with cancer that were hospitalized in hospitals of Ardabil during 2019. The sample in this study was collected through convenience sampling. After calculating the depression and anxiety scores for the children, 30 children were chosen as the statistical sample and randomly divided into two groups of control and intervention. Then, the play therapy sessions (8 two-hour sessions) were carried out on the intervention group and ultimately, the depression and anxiety tests were conducted on both groups, after the eight sessions of play therapy. The data analysis was carried out by MANOCVA.

Findings: The findings from this research suggested that the depression and anxiety scores were improved in the intervention group, comparing to the control group.

Conclusion: In this study, play therapy led to a significant decrease in the depression and anxiety of the intervention group, comparing to the control group. Playing could be used as an effective intervention by the members of the healthcare system for the hospitalized children so that they are prepared for carrying out the painful treatment methods and the stress of being hospitalization.

Keywords: Children Diagnosed with Cancer; Depression; Play Therapy

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Citation: Maryam Sedghi., et al. “The Effect of Parent-Child Play Therapy in Decreasing Depression and Anxiety among Patients with Acute Lymphoid Leukemia (ALL) and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Under Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy”. EC Neurology 12.10 (2020): 108-116.

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