Review Article
Volume 12 Issue 8 - 2020
The Relationship between Low Tension Glaucoma, CSF, the Size of the Ventricles, and Neurodegenerative Diseases
Arturo Solís Herrera*, Paola E Solís Arias and Martha P Solís Arias
Human Photosynthesis Study Center, S. C. Aguascalientes, México
*Corresponding Author: Arturo Solís Herrera, Human Photosynthesis Study Center, S. C. Aguascalientes, México.
Received: July 15, 2020; Published: July 28, 2020




Abstract

Glaucoma (POAG) is a group of neurodegenerative eye diseases that leads to damage of the optic nerve, being a leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world, almost 80 million in 2020. By other hand, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, it is also a neurodegenerative disease and is characterized by specific changes in the brain. Worldwide, 46.8 million people are believed to be living with Alzheimer's disease or other dementias. Every 3.2 seconds, a new case of dementia occurs somewhere in the world.

Both diseases affect older populations and involve selective loss of certain types of neurons. They are both neurodegenerative, chronic, and progressive diseases that are age-related and cause irreversible neuronal cell loss. There were several populations of AD patients that were examined for the prevalence of glaucoma and it was found that there was almost a two- to three-fold increase in glaucoma diagnosis in these patients. Low tension Glaucoma patients were four times more likely to develop dementia.

Recent data indicated that patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) have low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure on lumbar puncture compared with a group without glaucoma. Furthermore, lower CSF opening pressure was correlated with a larger cup-to-disc ratio.

Both the CNS and the eyeball share common morphological characteristics, such as melanin, and circulating water. And the mysteries about how CSF and the aqueous humor are produced, how the amount and composition of them is strictly controlled, and how they are absorbed, are questions that have not been answered.

Finally, the melanin of the eyeball was, so far; considered as a simple sunscreen that absorbed excess light that penetrated the eye, allowing better image quality. And in the case of CNS, the neuromelanin of substantia nigra and locus coeruleus was thought to be something of a deposit of the neuron metabolism wastes.

Our discovery of the surprising intrinsic property of melanin to transform visible and invisible light into chemical energy, through the dissociation of water molecule, starts a new era in biology and medicine, as it allows to address in a different and coherent way the study and treatment of various diseases of the CNS.

Keywords: CSF; Ventricles; AD; NOG; Energy; Melanin

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Citation: Arturo Solís Herrera., et al. “The Relationship between Low Tension Glaucoma, CSF, the Size of the Ventricles, and Neurodegenerative Diseases”. EC Neurology 12.8 (2020): 183-222.

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