Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 8 - 2020
Gastrocnemius Exercise Programme in the Dynamic Balance
Ivan Pinto, João Oliveira, Diogo Afonso, Beatriz Domingues and Margarida Maria Florindo*
Physiotherapy Department of the Portuguese Red Cross Healthy School, Lisbon, Portugal
*Corresponding Author: Margarida Maria Florindo, Physiotherapy Department of the Portuguese Red Cross Healthy School, Lisbon, Portugal.
Received: July 14, 2020; Published: July 25, 2020


Standing balance control is an essential component of most daily and sports activities. The gastrocnemius (GMs) play a key role in controlling the body sway on the base of support, during the orthostatic position. This study aims to assess the influence that a medium/high intensity exercise training (single session) directed towards gastrocnemius has on the dynamic balance in unipodal support. Four healthy young subjects (21 ± 1 years old) were evaluated and participated in this study after signing a written consent. Before and after applying an average/high intensity exercise program (30 minutes) specific to the gastrocnemius, movement activity parameters on lower limb extremity were evaluated, such as range of motion (ROM), calf muscle volume and dynamic balance. When comparing the results between the pre and post-training phases (phase 1 and phase 2), changes in the dynamic balance were observed in the posterolateral (p = 0.012) and anterior (p = 0.027) reach. Passive ROM of plantar flexion and dorsal flexion showed no changes. An average/high intensity program can modify some motion components in the dynamic balance of the foot due to fatigue and, consequently, it seems to stimulate a proximal postural response of dynamic postural strategies.

Keywords: Gastrocnemius; Dynamic Balance; Exercise; Balance; YBT


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Citation: Margarida Maria Florindo., et al. “Gastrocnemius Exercise Programme in the Dynamic Balance”. EC Neurology 12.8 (2020): 156-162.

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