Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 8 - 2020
Cross-Validated AdaBoost Classifier Used for Brain Tumor Detection
Shawni Dutta1 and Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay2*
1Department of Computer Science, The Bhawanipur Education Society College, Kolkata, India
2Professor, Academic Advisor, The Bhawanipur Education Society College, Kolkata, India
*Corresponding Author: Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Professor, Academic Advisor, The Bhawanipur Education Society College, Kolkata, India.
Received: June 27, 2020; Published: July 13, 2020




Abstract

Brain Tumor is one of the severe diseases and occurrence of this disease threats human life. Detection of brain tumor in advance can secure patient’s life from unwanted loss. Well-timed and swift disease detection and treatment strategy can lead to improved quality of life in these patients. This paper attempts to use Machine Learning based ensemble approaches for recognising patients with brain tumor. Ensemble technique based AdaBoost classifier and 10-fold stratified cross-validation method are assembled in single platform is proposed in this paper for prediction of brain tumor. This prediction is compared against three baseline classifiers such as Gradient Boost, Random Forest and Extra Trees classifier. Experimental result implies the superiority of this model with an accuracy of 98.97%, f1-score of 0.99, kappa statistics score of 0.95 and MSE of 0.0103.

Keywords: Brain Tumor; Machine Learning; Ensemble Techniques; AdaBoost; Cross-Validation; Stratified Technique

References

  1. L Sun., et al. “Brain Tumor Segmentation and Survival Prediction Using Multimodal MRI Scans with Deep Learning”. Frontiers in Neurorobotics 13 (2019): 1-9. 
  2. FE Bleeker and RJ Molenaar. “Recent advances in the molecular understanding of glioblastoma”. Journal Neurooncology (2012): 11-27.
  3. Ghosh M., et al. “Survival and prognostic factors for glioblastoma multiforme: Retrospective single-institutional study”. Indian Journal of Cancer 54 (2020): 362-367. 
  4. A Åberg and C Sjölander. “Building Data Classification and Association” (2018).
  5. R Maclin. “Popular Ensemble Methods: An Empirical Study Popular Ensemble Methods: An Empirical Study” 11 (2016): 169-198.
  6. RE Schapire. “Explaining adaboost”. Empir. Inference Festschrift Honor Vladimir N. Vapnik (2013): 37-52.
  7. A Natekin and A Knoll. “Gradient boosting machines, a tutorial”. Frontiers in Neurorobotics 7 (2013).
  8. L Breiman. “Random Forests”. Machine Learning 45.1 (2001): 5-32. 
  9. P Geurts., et al. “Extremely randomized trees”. Machine Learning 63.1 (2006): 3-42.
  10. M Al-Ayyoub., et al. “Machine learning approach for brain tumor detection”. ACM Int. Conf. Proceeding Ser (2012). 
  11. Han’guk Chŏngbo Kwahakhoe. “IEEE Computer Society, and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers”. The 32nd International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN 2018), Holiday Inn Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai, Thailand (2018): 473-475.
  12. A Batra and G Kaushik. “SECTUBIM: Automatic Segmentation And Classification of Tumeric Brain MRI Images using FHS ( FCM , HWT and SVM )”. 7.6 (2017): 13190-13194.
  13. K Abbas., et al. “Automatic Brain Tumor Detection in Medical Imaging using Machine Learning”. ICTC 2019 - 10th International Conference on ICT Convergence. Lead. Auton. Futur (2019): 531-536. 
  14. J Batista and R Kitney. “Extraction of tumours from MR images of the brain by texture and clustering”. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. (including Subser. Lect. Notes Artif. Intell. Lect. Notes Bioinformatics) 974 (1995): 235-240.
  15. N Behzadfar and H Soltanian-Zadeh. “Automatic segmentation of brain tumors in magnetic resonance images (2012).
  16. G Hemanth., et al. “Design and implementing brain tumor detection using machine learning approach”. Proc. Int. Conf. Trends Electron. Informatics, ICOEI 2019, vol. 2019-April, no. Icoei (2019): 1289-1294.
  17. J Seetha and SS Raja. “Brain tumor classification using Convolutional Neural Networks”. Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal 11.3 (2018): 1457-1461.
  18. Jakesh Bohaju. “Brain Tumor.” Kaggle. 
  19. H Sharma and S Kumar. “A Survey on Decision Tree Algorithms of Classification in Data Mining”. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 5.4 (2016): 2094-2097. 
  20. RH Kirschen., et al. “A Study of Cross-Validation and Bootstrap for Accuracy Estimation and Model Selection”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 118.4 (2000): 456-461. 
  21. P Baldi., et al. “Assessing the accuracy of prediction algorithms for classification: An overview”. Bioinformatics 16.5 (2000): 412-424.
  22. HM and SMN. “A Review on Evaluation Metrics for Data Classification Evaluations”. International Journal of Data Mining and Knowledge Management Process 5.2 (2015): 01-11.
  23. SM Vieira., et al. “Cohen’s kappa coefficient as a performance measure for feature selection”. 2010 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence WCCI (2010).
Citation: Shawni Dutta and Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay. “Cross-Validated AdaBoost Classifier Used for Brain Tumor Detection”. EC Neurology 12.8 (2020): 50-57.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


November Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for January Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the January issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 03, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk