Mini Review
Volume 12 Issue 7 - 2020
Autism during Adulthood: Neuropsychological Characteristics and Diagnosis
Nobile Emanuela1*, Molo MT1 and Keller R2
1Carlo Molo Foundation, Turin, Italy
2Adultautism Centre DSM ASL Città di Torino, Turin, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Nobile Emanuela, Carlo Molo Foundation, Turin, Italy.
Received: May 28, 2020; Published: June 16, 2020




Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders with broad phenotypes, with a complex genetic-epigenetic origin. These disorders are usually diagnosed during childhood referring to specific criteria based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM- 5) and are mainly characterized by impairments in social communications, repetitive behaviors as well as restrictions in interests. While this diagnosis is highly stable over the lifetime, there is an high neurological and psychiatric disorder comorbidity as well as a complex interaction of different neuropsychological impairments in ASD that coupled with the different and, often, in contrast definitions of the disorders produced by the classic manuals has been leading to inconsistencies and confusions about symptoms and their manifestations in adults with ASD. This mini-review will highlight the principal neuropsychological characteristics of ASD during adulthood as well as describing a more complex, multi-step, diagnostic model to better asses these disorders in order to build a personalized treatment.

Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorders; Adulthood; Diagnosis; Neuropsychology

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Citation: Nobile Emanuela., et al. “Autism during Adulthood: Neuropsychological Characteristics and Diagnosis”. EC Neurology 12.7 (2020): 40-45.

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