Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 7 - 2020
Pattern of Admission of Stroke in Benghazi Medical Center: A Cross Sectional Study
Mohamed A Hamedh1 and Khaled D Alsaeiti2*
1Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
2Department of Internal Medicine, Aljamhorya Hospital, Benghazi, Libya
*Corresponding Author: Khaled D Alsaeiti, Department of Internal Medicine, Aljamhorya Hospital, Benghazi, Libya.
Received: April 03, 2020; Published: June 02, 2020




Abstract

Background: Stroke is a leading reason behind morbidity and mortality throughout the world. it accounts for 11.13% of total causes of mortality, and the main cause of disability worldwide. The aim of this study is to know the pattern of stroke admissions at Benghazi Medical Center, and the possible risk factors.

Methods: A cross sectional study of 110 patients admitted to BMC who diagnosed with stroke based on the International Classification of Diseases, Revision 10, from January to June 2019. Data about age, gender, comorbidities and medical history were collected.

Results: Within the study period, we review the medical records of 110 patients were diagnosed as stroke supported by ICD 10 coding. Our research protocol identified 110 stroke record, out of which 10 cases were unspecified stroke. Of 100 specified stroke cases, 70 cases described an ischemic incidence and 30 cases reported a hemorrhagic incidence. Analysis of demographic attributes over this dataset showed that 65 men and 35 women with mean ages of 66.4 ± 14.2 and 64.6 ± 12.4, respectively, were admitted with stroke diagnosis, irrespective of stroke type. Patients aged 70 or more have higher incidence of stroke regardless of its type (P = 0.003). the statistical association between cohort and stroke subtype was significant (P < 0.05). Patients diagnosed with ischemic stroke have higher mortality rate compared with those with hemorrhagic (P = 0.004). Furthermore, there was no significant statistical difference between stroke subtypes, and gender (P = 0.768). statistically, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia were significantly associated with both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients (p = 0.003 and 0.001 respectively). While HTN was strongly associated with hemorrhagic strokes (P = 0.001).

Conclusion: Ischemic stroke was more common than hemorrhagic stroke, analyzing risk factors, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia were the most prevalent risk factors of stroke in our studied population.

Keywords: Stroke; Global Burden of Disease (GBD); Hypertension; Diabetes Mellitus; Dyslipidemia

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Citation: Mohamed A Hamedh and Khaled D Alsaeiti. “Pattern of Admission of Stroke in Benghazi Medical Center: A Cross Sectional Study”. EC Neurology 12.7 (2020): 03-08.

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