Mini Review
Volume 12 Issue 6 - 2020
Neuro-Developmental Disorders - Learning Disorders. Specific Reading Disorder: Treatment and Prevention in Greek Children with Learning Difficulties
Κ Sakellariou1*, P Nakou2 and Ε Lazaratou3
1Psychologist, Department of Child Psychiatry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Community Mental Health Center Byron- Kesariani, Eginitio Hospital, Athens, Greece
2Psychologist, Clinical Psychologist, EFL/ESL Teacher, American Community Schools of Athens, Greece
3Professor of Child Psychiatry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 1st Department of Psychiatry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Community Mental Health Center Byron-Kesariani, Department of Child Psychiatry, Eginitio Hospital, Athens, Greece
*Corresponding Author: Κ Sakellariou, Psychologist, Department of Child Psychiatry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Community Mental Health Center Byron-Kesariani, Eginitio Hospital, Athens, Greece.
Received: April 29, 2020; Published: May 23, 2020


The following short article focuses on learning disorders classified as neuro- developmental disorders according to DSM-5. More specifically, what is developed is the concept of the specific reading disorder and the clinical value of timely interdisciplinary diagnosis towards both prognosis and timely treatment. The key towards successfully combating it and eliminating its long-term consequences concerning a child’s life is prevention and timely detection through the application of community programs.

Keywords: Neuro-Developmental Disorders; Learning Disorders; Learning Difficulties


  1. Performance and Editing: Stephanis K, Soldatos K, Mavreas B. “Classification of ICD-10 Mental disorders and behavioral disorders. Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines”. Athens, BETA Medical Publications (1992).
  2. Sakellariou K. “Longitudinal study of the development of reading ability of students with school disabilities from 2nd grade of Elementary School to 6th grade (at the beginning and till the end of Primary Education)”. Medical School, University of Athens (Doctoral Thesis) (2018).
  3. Lambrousi D. “Theoretical background, review and administration of research tools for the assessment of learning difficulties in preschoolers”. Speech Therapy Department. University of Ioannina (Degree Study) (2014).
  4. American Psychiatric Association. “Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-V, 5th)”. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing (2013).
  5. Sakellariou K., et al. “A Longitudinal Study on the Development of Reading Ability in Greek Primary School Students with School Performance Disorders: Preliminary Results relating to Language Parameters”. EC Neurology11 (2018).
  6. Vlassopoulos M., et al. “Interventions During Preschool and Early School Years for the Prevention of Learning Disorders”. International Journal of Public Health and Health Systems1 (2016): 5-9.
  7. Carroll MJ., et al. “Developing Language and Literacy: Effective Intervention in the Early Years”. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd (2011).
  8. Talli I., et al. “Specific language impairment and developmental dyslexia: What are the boundaries? Data from Greek children”. Research in Developmental Disabilities (2016): 339-353.
  9. Abatzoglou Gr. "Learning Difficulties and School Failure”. Encyclopedic Guide, Pili to the Greek language, Thessaloniki (2010).
  10. Vlassopoulos M and Anagnostopoulos D. Specific Developmental Speech and Language Disorder in adult life”. Psychiatry 23 (2012).
  11. Lazaratou H., et al. “Learning Disabilities among Greek Adolescents: Differences between First and Follow-up Attendance”. American Journal of Educational Research3 (2017): 262-266.
  12. Tzivinikou S. “Reading Difficulties”. In Zivinikos S. Volos, Intersection (self-publication) (2015).
  13. Moreau D and Waldie K. “Developmental Learning Disorders: From Generic Interventions to Individualized Remediation”. Frontiers in Psychology 6 (2015): 2053.
  14. , et al. “The comorbidity of learning difficulties with socioemotional disorders in school-aged children”. Interdisciplinary Health Care 5.4 (2013): 190-198.
Citation: Κ Sakellariou., et al. “Neuro-Developmental Disorders - Learning Disorders. Specific Reading Disorder: Treatment and Prevention in Greek Children with Learning Difficulties”. EC Neurology 12.6 (2020): 70-73.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for September Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the September issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 15, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to