Review Article
Volume 12 Issue 5 - 2020
Meta-Analysis of the Beneficial Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) on the Neurological System and Prevalent Neurological Disorders
Abdullah Hafid1,2 and Nicholas A Kerna3*
1University of Health and Humanities, Tortola, BVI
2University of Science, Arts and Technology, Montserrat, BWI
3SMC Medical Research, Thailand
*Corresponding Author: Nicholas A Kerna, POB47 Phatphong, Suriwongse Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10500.
Received: April 08, 2020; Published: April 30, 2020




Abstract

Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), such as yoga, meditation, and prayer, are utilized globally. Mindfulness meditation, yoga, and spirituality (prayer) result in diminished pain, enhanced physical movement, and improved quality of life (QoL) in those suffering from chronic illness. MBI has been found useful in treating the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Positive results have been noted employing MBIs in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). MBIs reduced pain scores and improved QoL ratings in cancer and chronic pain patients. Meditation has been shown to ameliorate the response to stress and promote wellness. During meditation, specific brain regions are activated, indicative of opioidergic pathways. Yoga has emerged as an adjunctive treatment in schizophrenia. Prayer and spirituality are associated with a greater sense of confidence and self-esteem compared to those who do not embrace them. Spiritual belief and the use of prayer aid specific individuals in coping with daily stressors. Mindfulness practices are distinctive compared to other integrative therapies. However, further randomized control trails (RCTs) and meta-analyses are needed to determine clinically-applied protocols for MBIs in neurological disorders, neuropathic trauma, depression, nervousness, and a low QoL. This research indicates that mindfulness-based interventions (yoga, meditation, and prayer) are gaining acceptance, and their beneficial effects on the neurological system and prevalent neurological disorders hold promise for the future.

Keywords: Chronic Pain; Cognitive Decline; Meditation; Mindfulness; Opioids; Prayer; Yoga

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Citation: Abdullah Hafid and Nicholas A Kerna. “Meta-Analysis of the Beneficial Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) on the Neurological System and Prevalent Neurological Disorders”. EC Neurology 12.5 (2020): 101-108.

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