Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 3 - 2020
Can Emotional Intelligence “Trait of Teachers be Considered” as One of the Objectives in Teacher Education to Sustain Educational Goals of 2030?
C Girija Navaneedhan*
Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India
*Corresponding Author:C Girija Navaneedhan, Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India.
Received: December 05, 2019; Published:February 20, 2020


Emotional intelligence is considered one of the personality traits of an individual possessing the ability to control his/her own emotions as well as understanding the emotions of others in his/her vicinity for example in a work environment or in a personal space. Several research studies on emotional intelligence has been carried out for several decades stressing the importance of emotional intelligence shaping the personality of an individual. In the present research work the focus is given on four important dimensions of emotional intelligence namely: Cognitive ability, tolerance, ego and decision making. The objective of the research is to find out how these dimensions shape the emotional intelligence of teachers as study is conducted on teacher sample. According to OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). It is a unique forum where the governments of 34 democracies with market economies work with each other, as well as with more than 70 non-member economies to promote economic growth, prosperity, and sustainable development. learning frame work of 2030 emphasizes a society enriched with learners with orientation of values such as responsibility, common prosperity and wellbeing leading to sustainable development of fearless society. The only way to visualize the goals of OECD 2030 is to empower teachers with strong emotional intelligence trait as directly shape the personality of the learners.

Keywords: Emotional Intelligence; Cognitive Ability; Tolerance; Ego; Decision Making


  1. AA Grandey., et al. “Must “service with a smile” be stressful? The moderating role of personal control for American and French employees”. Journal of Applied Psychology 90.5 (2005): 893.
  2. AL Day and SA Carroll. “Using an ability-based measure of emotional intelligence to predict individual performance, group performance, and group citizenship behaviours”. Personality and Individual Differences 36.6 (2004): 1443-1458.
  3. Befort K. “Valuing task and contextual performance: Experience, job roles, and ratings of the importance of job behaviours”. Applied HRM Research 8.1 (2003): 17-32.
  4. Bono JE., et al. “Workplace emotions: The role of supervision and leadership”. Journal of Applied Psychology 92.5 (2007): 1357-1367.
  5. C Fornell and DF Larcker. “Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics”. Journal of Marketing Research (1981): 382-388.
  6. Carmeli. “The relationship between emotional intelligence and work attitudes, behavior and outcomes: An examination among senior managers”. Journal of Managerial Psychology 18.8 (2003): 788-813.
  7. Carson KD and Carson PP. “Career commitment, competencies, and citizenship”. Journal of Career Assessment 6 (1998): 195-208.
  8. H Gardner. “The theory of multiple intelligences, Teaching and Learning in the Secondary School” (2013): 38.
  9. Hull., et al. “Use of partial least squares (PLS) in strategic management research: A review of four recent studies”. Strategic Management Journal 20.2 (1999): 195-204. 
  10. JE Bono and MA Vey. “Personality and emotional performance: Extraversion, neuroticism, and self-monitoring”. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 12.2 (2007): 177.
  11. JF Hair., et al. “Multivariate data analysis, 5th edition”. Prentice Hall International, NY (1998).
  12. JM Diefendorff., et al. “The dimensionality and antecedents of emotional labor strategies”. Journal of Vocational Behavior 66.2 (2005): 339-357.
  13. JM George. “Emotions and leadership: The role of emotional intelligence”. Human Relations 53.8 (2000): 1027-1055
  14. RP Corcoran and R Tormey. “Does emotional intelligence predict student teachers׳ performance?”. Teaching and Teacher Education 35 (2013): 34-42.
  15. S Cote and CT Miners. “Emotional intelligence, cognitive intelligence, and job performance”. Administrative Science Quarterly 51.1 (2006): 1-28.
  16. S Fox and E Spector. “Relations of emotional intelligence, practical intelligence, general intelligence, and trait affectivity with interview outcomes: It’s not all just ‘G’”. Journal of Organizational Behavior 21.2 (2000): 203-220.
  17. AA Ignat and O Clipa. “Teachers׳ satisfaction with life, job satisfaction and their emotional intelligence”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 33 (2012): 498-502.
  18. DL Joseph and Newman DA. “Emotional intelligence: An integrative meta-analysis and cascading model”. Journal of Applied Psychology 95.1 (2010): 54.
  19. JB Kellett., et al. “Empathy and the emergence of task and relations leaders”. The Leadership Quarterly 17.2 (2006): 146-162.
  20. K.S. Law., et al. “The construct and criterion validity of emotional intelligence and its potential utility for management studies”. Journal of Applied Psychology 89.3 (2004): 483.
  21. PB Lowry and J Gaskin. “Partial least squares (PLS) structural equation modeling (SEM) for building and testing behavioural causal theory: When to choose it and how to use it”. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication 57.2 (2014): 123-146.
  22. SZ Malik and S Shahid. “Effect of emotional intelligence on academic performance among business students in Pakistan”. Bulletin of Education and Research 38.1 (2016): 197-208.
  23. JD Mayer., et al. “Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for an intelligence”. Intelligence 27.4 (1999): 267-298.
  24. LE Megerian and JJ Sosik. “An affair of the heart: Emotional intelligence and transformational leadership”. Journal of Leadership Organizational Studies 3.3 (1997): 31-48.
  25. T Mehmood., et al. “Impact of emotional intelligence on the performance of university teachers”. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 3.18 (2013): 300-307.
  26. Mesquita B and Ellsworth C. “The role of culture in appraisal” (2001).
  27. KR Murphy. “Is the relationship between cognitive ability and job performance stable over time?”. Human Performance 2.3 (1989): 183-200.
  28. KR Murphy and LP Kroeker. “Dimensions of job performance”. Colorado State University Fort Collins (1988).
  29. LR Offermann., et al. “The relative contribution of emotional competence and cognitive ability to individual and team performance”. Human Performance 17.2 (2004): 219-243.
  30. SD Pugh. “Service with a smile: Emotional contagion in the service encounter”. Academy of Management Journal 44.5 (2001): 1018-1027.
  31. P Salovey and JD Mayer. Emotional intelligence Imagination, Cognition and Personality 9.3 (1990): 185-211.
  32. RA Spreng and RD Mackoy. “An empirical examination of a model of perceived service quality and satisfaction”. Journal of Retailing 72.2 (1996): 201-214.
  33. Kaufman AS and Sternberg RJ. “The Cambridge handbook of creativity”. Cambridge University Press; New York: (2010): 113-130. 
  34. Barsad SG. “The ripple effect: Emotional contagion in group working”. Paper: New Haven. CT: Yale University press (2000).
  35. Conway et al. “Implicit sequence learning in deaf children with cochlear implants”. Developmental Science 14 (2011): 69-82.
  36. Darlington. “Human abilities: Emotional Intelligence”. Annual review of Psychology 59 (2008): 507-536.
  37. Emmer and Stough. “The place of classroom Management and standards in Teacher Education, Handbook of classroom management”. Research, practice, and contemporary Issues (2001): 909-923. 
  38. Engle and Kane. “Executive Attention, Working Memory Capacity, and a Two-Factor Theory of Cognitive Control. In BH. Ross (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation”. Advances in research and Theory 44 (2004): 145-199.
  39. Evertson and Weinstein. “Handbook of Classroom Management: Research, practice, and contemporary issues”. Mahwah (2006): 3-15.
  40. Goleman D. “Emotional intelligence”. Bantam Books, Inc (1995).
  41. Grasha. Teaching with Style: A Practical Guide to Enhancing Learning by Understanding Teaching and Learning Styles (1996).
  42. Hassan., et al. “A relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Teaching Effectiveness at Unversity Technology MARA, Puncak Alam, Malaysia”. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity 5.1 (2015): 1-5.
  43. Heitz RP and Randall WE. “Focusing the spotlight: Individual differences in visual attention control”. Journal of Experimental Psychology 136.2 (2004): 217-240.
  44. Ingersoll and Smith. “The Wrong Solution to the Teacher Shortage”. Educational Leadership 60 (2003): 30-33.
  45. Iurea C., et al. “The study of the relation between the teaching methods and the learning styles -The impact upon the students’ academic conduct”. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 11 (2011): 256-260. 
  46. Kane MJ and Randall WE. “The role of prefrontal cortex in working memory capacity, executive attention, general fluid intelligence”. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 26 (2001): 337-358.
  47. Qualter P., et al. “Ability emotional intelligence, trait emotional intelligence, and academic success in British secondary schools: A 5year longitudinal study”. Learning and Individual Differences 22.1 (2012): 83-91. 
  48. Salami. “Emotional Intelligence, Self-Efficacy and Psychological well being and Student’s Attitudes: Implications for Quality Education”. European Journal of Educational Studies 2.3 (2010).
  49. Sutton & Wheatly. “Teachers' Emotions and Teaching: A Review of the Literature and Directions for Future Research”. Educational Psychology Review 15.4 (2003): 327-358. 
  50. Sy Tram and O’Hara. “Relation of employee and manager to job satisfaction and performance”. Journal of Vocational Behaviour 68.3 (2006): 461-443.
  51. Unsworth Schrock and Engle. “Working memory capacity and the ant saccade task: individual differences in voluntary saccade control”. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Working Memory and Cognition 30.6 (2004): 1302-1321.
  52. van der Maas., et al. “A dynamical model of general intelligence: the positive manifold of intelligence by mutualism”. Psychology Review 3.4 (2006):842-61.
  53. Mayer and Cobb. “Educational Policy on Emotional Intelligence: Does It Make Sense?” Educational Psychology Review 12.2 (2000): 163 -183.
Citation: C Girija Navaneedhan. “Can Emotional Intelligence “Trait of Teachers be Considered” as One of the Objectives in Teacher Education to Sustain Educational Goals of 2030?””. EC Neurology 12.3 (2020): 01-11.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

December Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the December issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 20, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to