Review Article
Volume 16 Issue 2 - 2020
Osteoarthritis in Elderly Population in Family Practice
Nisreen O Asraf1*, Abdulrahman Dakhil AlSaeidi2, Al-Hanouf Fahad Al-Khammash3, Aseal Abdulhamid Kalantan2, Houssam Nasser Bajoudah4, Sara Faisal Bagdood5, Muslem Ali Almusawi6, Abdulaziz Muidh Ali Alqahtani7, Alhanoof Ali Mohammed Alowaidi8, Hajer Mohammed AlMomen9 and Hesham Mohammed Ahmed Hamaly10
1Consultant Family Medicine, KSAU, COM, National Guard Specialized Polyclinic Center, PHC Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Umm AlQura University, Saudi Arabia
3Alhada Armed Forces Hospital, Saudi Arabia
4Alnoor Specialist Hospital, Saudi Arabia
5Makkah Maternity and Children Hospital, Saudi Arabia
6Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
7King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
8Ohud Hospital, Saudi Arabia
9Al-Hasa Psychiatric Hospital, Saudi Arabia
10Jazan University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Nisreen O Asraf, Consultant Family Medicine, KSAU, COM, National Guard Specialized Polyclinic Center, PHC Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 07, 2020; Published: January 09, 2020




Abstract

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is common, debilitating disease which is associated with a large societal and economic burden, in addition to the physical and psychological sequelae it often manifests in the affected individual. Osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes for absence of the elderly individuals from workplaces, social gatherings, and festivities. Often, these patients neglect and remain unsatisfied due to ignorance, delayed presentation, long duration of therapy, financial constraints, rampant quack practices, ineffective motivation, and counseling with ineffective exercise regimens. 

Aim: In this review, we will look into the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, and management of osteoarthritis among elderly population. 

Methodology: The review is comprehensive research of PUBMED since the year 1964 to 2018. 

Conclusion: OA is the commonest joint disease worldwide and mainly occurs in later life. It tends to be slowly progressive and can cause significant pain and disability. The burden of OA is physical, psychological and socioeconomic. It can be associated with significant disability, such as a reduction in mobility and activities of daily living. Due to lack of affordable and accessible health care services, there is need for community based efforts to effectively screen, diagnose and treat various prevalent conditions in urban slums, osteoarthritis being one of them. Due to costlier treatment of osteoarthritis, early community based diagnosis using easy tools such as ACR and implementing appropriate intervention so as to halt the course of disease at an earlier stage, seems to be an adequate solution.

Keywords: Osteoarthritis; Elderly; Osteoarthritis among Elderly

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Citation: Nisreen O Asraf., et al. “Osteoarthritis in Elderly Population in Family Practice”. EC Microbiology 16.2 (2020): 01-08.

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