Review Article
Volume 18 Issue 8 - 2022
Overview of Lymphadenopathy Causes and Diagnosis
Baraa Faiez Rajab1*, Doaa Izzeldin Elsheikh Abdalla2, Mustafa Mohammed Fadlalla Mohammed3, Abdulaziz Jaber Alamri4, Abdullah Nabil Attar1, Mohammed Ahmed Alghamdi5, Tarik Abdulrahman Hobani6, Mutaz Abdalhakam Abdalazez Taha7, Khalid Abdulaziz Balbaid8, Saleh Ghormallah Alghamdi9, Emad Ahmed Ezzalddin1, Lojein Faisal Ahmed Alnomari10 and Wid Ameer Nawab6
1King Abdulaziz Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Renew Clinics, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
5Al-Baha Univeristy, Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia
6East Jeddah General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, England, UK
8Dhurma General Hospital, Dhurma, Saudi Arabia
9King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
10Ibn Sina National College Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Baraa Faiez Rajab, Consultant General Medicine, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: July 02, 2022; Published: July 28, 2022




Abstract

Introduction: A wide variety of diseases can manifest as lymphadenopathy or swollen lymph nodes. When encountering a case of lymphadenopathy, certain diagnostic considerations include the age of the individual person, location of the pathology, duration of illness, and any associated symptoms. The critical task is to differentiate between benign, malignant, and any other condition requiring specific management. The differentiation is based on clinical, radiological, and histological investigations.

Aim of Work: The aim of this study is to overview lymphadenopathy.

Materials and Methods: This review is a comprehensive search of PUBMED from the year 1974 to 2021.

Conclusion: Since lymph nodes behave like the police stations of our body, lymphadenopathy involves a wide range of diseases. Several considerations influence both the incidence and prognosis of lymphadenopathy. In general, lymphadenopathy occurs more commonly among children and in the cervical region. The size and shapes of lymph nodes on radiographic imaging can suggest possible disease-causing lymphadenopathy. Further diagnostic evaluation, if needed, is done by FNAC, but excisional biopsy is considered the gold standard. A plethora of investigations comprising of history taking, physical exam, imaging, lab work, and finally, a biopsy may decide the possible treatment plan.

Keywords: Lymphadenopathy; Lymph Node; Ultrasound; Computed Tomography; FNAC; Biopsy; Malignancy

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Citation: Baraa Faiez Rajab., et al. “Overview of Lymphadenopathy Causes and Diagnosis”. EC Microbiology 18.8 (2022): 89-97.

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