Research Article
Volume 18 Issue 5 - 2022
Prevalence of Contamination of Fresh Vegetables Consumed at The Vegetable Markets in Khartoum locality, Sudan

Abrar A Haron1, Eman M Abakar1, Hamda A Hamid1, Marwa S Abdelrhman1, Omnia E Abdallah1, Yagoub H Mahmoud1, Sababil S Ali2, Yousof S Yousof3 and Elsadig A Hag2*

1Department of Parasitology and Medical Entomology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Elrazi University, Khartoum, Sudan

2Department of Parasitology and Medical Entomology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, International University of Africa, Khartoum, Sudan

3Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Elrazi University, Khartoum, Sudan

*Corresponding Author: Elsadig A Haj, Department of Parasitology and Medical Entomology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, National University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Received: March 20, 2022; Published: May 31, 2022




Abstract

Background: The consumption of raw vegetables is a major way for bacteria and parasites to travel from one person to another. Fresh vegetables are considered essential. nutrients of a healthy diet as they provide the body with essential supplements. Intestinal parasites are transmitted primarily through the consumption of raw vegetables.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to detect parasitic contamination in fresh vegetables consumed at three open-air markets in Khartoum, Sudan.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study consisted of collecting 120 samples of fresh vegetables from three open-air markets (Elshaabi, Central markets, and Mayo) from Augustus to December 2020. Using standardized parasitological techniques for protozoans and helminths worms, we screened these samples for parasitic life forms using microscopy.

Results: A total of 120 water samples were used in Khartoum state, Sudan, to wash vegetables routinely used before human consumption. The most common parasites found were T. Hominis (43%), E. coli (20%), G. lamblia (80%) Strongyloides larva(12%), B. coli (35%), E. histolytic (17%), I. but chili (12%). our study showed that the most contaminated vegetable are watercress ((25%) followed by Eggplant (10%) and cucumber (1%).

Conclusion: The results of our study indicate that raw vegetables, especially leafy ones, could be a cause of food-borne illness outbreaks.

Keywords: Contamination; Fresh Vegetable Consumed; Vegetable Markets

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Citation: Elsadig A Hag., et al. “Prevalence of Contamination of Fresh Vegetables Consumed at The Vegetable Markets in Khartoum locality, Sudan”. EC Microbiology 18.5 (2022): 61-68.

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