Review Article
Volume 17 Issue 4 - 2021
Diabetic Kidney Disease: Epidemiology, Risks, Manifestations, Diagnosis, and Management
Rasha Khaled Sendy1*, Faisal Musaad I Alhoshan2, Marwah Yahya Almuzaini2, Enaam Mohammed Shubily3, Areej Abdulaziz Alwaheed4, Hasan Haider Aljalooud5, Ali Hassan Almasskin5, Nouh Ahmed Al-Taweel5, Radhi Essa Alali5, Abdulmohsen Jaber Al-Abood5 and Ali Hadi Yahya Madkhali6
1King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3Armed Forces Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
4Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, Saudi Arabia
5Vision College of Medicine, Vision Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6Comprehensive Clinics Specialized for the Security Forces, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Rasha Khaled Sendy, Medical Registrar, King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: March 06, 2021; Published: March 29, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the world. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients are commonly to have Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which defined as three months history of a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) reduction and/or an increased albumin excretion in the urine. The prevalence of diabetes in the United States has raised from 6 to 10 per cent over the last 20 years. While the percentage of diabetic patients CKD has maintained.

Aim of the Work: An overview of diabetic kidney disease (DKA), also known as diabetic nephropathy, will be presented in this paper.

Methodology: This paper is a nonsystematic review of medical literature regarding diabetic kidney disease. The literature search was conducted by using PubMed database and google scholar search engine.

Conclusion: Diabetic kidney disease and CKD are more common in women, African American, and Latino. Obesity is considered an essential risk factor for type 2 diabetes and coexists with type 1 diabetes. Persistently raised levels of albuminuria and/or persistent (eGFR) reduction are considered the most frequent clinical finding. Majority of patients’ presentation are asymptomatic for that, regular and routine checkup is the method of detection. If non-diabetic kidney disease is suspected, a kidney biopsy should have conducted. Management of DKD include general measures such as controlling blood pressure, glycemic control, and lifestyle modification. Angiotensin inhibition is the drug of choice in cases with severe albuminuria.

Keywords: Diabetic Kidney Disease; Diabetic Nephropathy; Diabetes Mellitus Chronic Complications

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Citation: Rasha Khaled Sendy., et al. “Diabetic Kidney Disease: Epidemiology, Risks, Manifestations, Diagnosis, and Management”. EC Microbiology 17.4 (2021): 09-17.

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