Review Article
Volume 17 Issue 3 - 2021
Review of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Disorder
Arwa Sulaiman Salim Alharbi*, Malak Talal Jameel AlHazmi, Osama Zaid Abdulrahman Fatani, Abdulaziz Gazy Jazy Alosaimi, Abdulrahman Mohammedsaeed Salem Baqasi, Muhannad Mahmoud Fairug, Khaled Hassan Alzahrani and Rayed Abdullah Alosaimi
Maternity and Children Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Arwa Sulaiman Salim Alharbi, Maternity And Children Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: February 05, 2021; Published: February 16, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Transition from fetal life to neonatal life at the time of delivery involves major and rapid changes in the cardiorespiratory system physiology. These changes are essentially due to the shifting the site of gas exchange from placenta to lungs. About 10 percent of neonates fail the process of transition by their own and demand resuscitative efforts.

The aim of work: Clinical features and general guide for evaluation and management of common causes of respiratory distress in neonates will be provided.

Methods: This article is a review based upon a comprehensive search of medical literature regarding respiratory distress in neonate.

Conclusion: The presumptive clinical diagnosis depends mainly on the course of the presentation (history) and radiographic findings rather than the presentations themselves. The initial step in management of neonate with respiratory distress is the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) regardless of the cause. Low supplemental oxygen could be added to relieve the distress or cyanosis, if needed. The recommended target of oxygen saturation is between 90 and 95 percent. If PPHT is the suspected cause of distress, SpO2 level should be maintained at 95, at least.

Keywords: Neonatal Respiratory Distress; RD Evaluation; Diagnosis; Management; Oxygen Therapy

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Citation: Arwa Sulaiman Salim Alharbi., et al. “Review of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Disorder”. EC Microbiology 17.3 (2021): 01-07.

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