Review Article
Volume 17 Issue 2 - 2021
Minimizing the Risks, Prevention, and Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Long Time Sequelae
Rasha Khaled Sendy1*, Bushra Abdulhameed Alsaif2, Wid Ameer Nawab3, Abdulaziz Mohammed Alsoumali4, Mohammed Abdullah A Alageeli3, Shahd Mohammed Bamagos5, Taherah Basim Hamoud6, Tammani Mohsen Alghamdi7, Ahmed Yousef Attiah8, Fahad Mohammed Al Wadai9, Samer Hatim S Nakiti3 and Esraa Ahmed Akili3
1King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Primary Health Care Centers, First Health Cluster in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia
3Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5Umm Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
6Jubail General Hospital, Jubail, Saudi Arabia
7Batterjee Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
8Salam Medical Services, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
9King Khaled University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Rasha Khaled Sendy, Medical Registrar, King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 11, 2021; Published: January 19, 2021


Introduction: The impact of diabetes on quality of life and health care costs is affected by numerous factors in addition to diabetes-associated complications. Microvascular, macrovascular and distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSPN) are the most common neurologic complication and a major cause of morbidity in diabetic patients.

Aim of the Work: Minimizing the risk, prevention, and management of long-term complications of diabetes mellitus will be addressed in this review.

Methods: This article is a non-systematic, non-analytic literature review of medical literature.

Conclusion: Ongoing evaluation should include history taking and physical examination 2 - 4 times per year. Hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, smoking and 75 - 162 daily aspirin are recommended in patients with, or at high risk for ASCVD.

Bariatric surgery can reduce neuropathy incidence and lifestyle interventions are essential to prevent onset and slow progression of neuropathy. Duloxetine, venlafaxine, amitriptyline, pregabalin and gabapentin are the first-line agents for pain management.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Chronic Complications; Risks; Management


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Citation: Rasha Khaled Sendy., et al. “Minimizing the Risks, Prevention, and Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Long Time Sequelae”. EC Microbiology 17.2 (2021): 208-215.

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