Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 1 - 2021
Ocular Findings of Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Literature Review
Amna Saeed Fallata1*, Rawan Eid Alatawi2, Lujain Hamid Mustafa3, Rawan Khalid Aloteebi4, Faisal Abdullah Alamri5, Sultan Musallam Alshammari4, Leena Khalid Koshak6, Sultan Abdulrahman Alyali5, Futoon Jomman Alomari7, Nawaf Mesaad Bahatheq8 and Abdulelah Tarek BinYamin9
1Consultant of Ophthalmology, Dr. Amna S. Fallata Specialist Clinic in Ophthalmology, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
2College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University For Health Science, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
6Department of Ophthalmology, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7College of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
8Department of Dermatology, Al-Iman General Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
9College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College fo rMedical Studies, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Sumya Hassan Daws, King Abdulaziz Hospital and Oncology Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Received: November 25, 2020; Published: December 30, 2020


Background: COVID-19 pandemic has many clinical presentations not related to respiratory symptoms. Ocular symptoms are reported in many cases and conjunctivitis is now considered as one of the well-established symptoms in COVID-19 patients. However, the ocular pathologies in COVID-19 patients are not well studied. In this study, we reviewed the literature to stand on the epidemiology and clinical presentation of ocular pathologies in COVID-19 patients.

Methods: We searched the MEDLINE database using PubMed. Two independent reviewers reviewed the resulting papers and reviewed them based on our inclusion criteria.

Results: Based on the review results, many studies reported the presence of viral DNA in tears and conjunctival swabs. These studies implied a conjunctival route of infection to the respiratory system. The presence of ocular symptoms indicated a worse prognosis. The most common reported ocular diseases were conjunctivitis and ocular surface diseases. However, there is still no clear and proved evidence of the pathogenesis of these diseases.

Conclusion: The exact epidemiology and pathogenesis of the ocular diseases in COVID-19 patients is not clear and was not investigated thoroughly in the recent literature. However, many reports indicated the high prevalence of conjunctivitis and ocular surface infection in these patients. More studies are needed to identify the underlying pathogenesis of ocular diseases.

Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-COV-2; Conjunctivitis; Retinitis; Ocular Diseases; Eye Infection


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Citation: Amna Saeed Fallata., et al. “Ocular Findings of Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Literature Review”. EC Microbiology 17.1 (2021): 91-98.

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