Commentary
Volume 16 Issue 11 - 2020
Urinary Tract Infection Complications and Prevention
Mohammed Nizar Battikhi*
1017-1645 De Maisonneuve Boulevard, West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Nizar Battikhi, 1017-1645 De Maisonneuve Boulevard, West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Received: May 07, 2020; Published: October 22, 2020




A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of urinary system, which can happen anywhere includes kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract which include bladder and the urethra [1]. It occurs when any of the above mentioned part of urinary tract become infected with pathogen most frequently gram negative bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) which is considered the most prominent pathogen however, other bacteria my infrequently be present [1]. Different studies showed no variation in urinary tract uropathogens where E. coli revealed the highest predominate although, other causative pathogens were involved over the years [2,3]. Infections typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder and collapsed defense mechanism that designed to keep out such microscopic invaders out of urinary tract and allow these invaders to take hold and multiply causing a full-blown infection in the urinary tract causing different of kind of illness from simple to severe if they reach the kidney and death if reach blood stream (sepsis).

References

  1. Urinary tract infection (UTI) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic.
  2. Aiyegoro OA., et al. “Incidence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among children and adolescents in Ile-Ife, Nigeria”. African Journal of Microbiology Research 1 (2007): 13-19.
  3. Macejko AM and Schaeffer AJ. “Asymptomatic bacteriuria and symptomatic urinary tract infections during pregnancy”. Urologic Clinics of North America 1 (2007): 35-42.
  4. Battikhi MN and Battikhi QG. “Prevalence and Drug Susceptibility of Microorganism Isolated from Urinary and Genital Tracts of Pregnant Women in Jordan”. EC Microbiology2 (2015): 269-277.
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  9. Onuh SO., et al. “Microbiological isolates and sensitivity pattern of urinary tract infection in pregnancy in Benin City, Nigeria”. Ebonyi Medical Journal2 (2006): 48-52.
  10. Anyadoh SO., et al. “Prevalence of multidrug resistant Escherichia coli among pregnant women in Owerri”. International Journal of Medical Sciences and Technology3 (2010): 17-20.
  11. Zinner SH. “Management of urinary tract infection in pregnancy; A review with comments on single dose therapy”. Journal of Infection 20 (1992): S280.
  12. Akerele J., et al. “Prevalence of asymptomatic genital infection among pregnant women in Benin-city, Nigeria”. African Journal of Reproductive Health3 (2002): 93-97.
  13. Akerele J., et al. “Prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women in Benin City Nigeria”. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology1 (2001): 141-144.
  14. Lucas MJ and Cunningham FG. “Urinary tract infection complicating pregnancy”. In Williams Obstetrics. 19th edition., McGraw Hill, New York (1994): 1 -15.
  15. Van Hoek AHAM., et al. “Acquired antibiotic resistance genes: an overview”. Frontiers in Microbiology 2 (2011): 203.
  16. Nwaike VR. “How to prevent UTI: 9 ways to avoid a urinary tract infection (2020).
  17. “Urinary Tract Infections prevention”. Cleveland Clinic (2020).
Citation: Mohammed Nizar Battikhi. “Urinary Tract Infection Complications and Prevention”. EC Microbiology 16.11 (2020): 56-58.

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