Review Article
Volume 15 Issue 7 - 2019
Role of Diet and Exercise Management of Peripheral Artery Disease: Review of Literatures

Manal Abdulaziz Murad1*, Fahad Saleh Alsefry2, Feras Loay Alkindi3, Saud Saad Mannaa Alamri4, Abdulrahman Saud Abdulrahman Alasmari4, Salman Hudayhid Alqurashi5, Hassan Muwafak Habis6, Ali Ibrahim Ali Albayh6, Abdulaziz Saud Abdulrahman Alasmari7, Ibrahim Ahmed Ibrahim Asseri4, Saleh Omar Bajahlan8 and Fawaz Abdulkreem Alzhrani9

1Assistant Professor and Consultant Family Medicine, Family Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
2Al Laith General Hospital, Saudi Arabia
3King Fahad General Hospital Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
5King Faisal Specialist Hospital Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6King Abdulaziz Hospital Makkah, Saudi Arabia
7Armed Forces Hospital- Najran, Saudi Arabia
8Alshara’e 7 Primary Health Care Center, Saudi Arabia
9Health Sciences College at Al-leth, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Manal Abdulaziz Murad, Assistant Professor and Consultant Family Medicine, Family Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
Received: May 18, 2019; Published: June 21, 2019


Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an important life-threatening or limb-threatening disease that affects about six percent of the United States general population aged about forty years, roughly sixteen million and a half American individuals. Prevention and management of Peripheral arterial disease has focused on the alteration of cardiovascular predisposing factors, that include tobacco smoking, elevated blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and increase lipids levels. Life-style improvements include protocols for smoking cessation, physical exercise programs, and changes in the diet. Pharmacological interventions include the management of this chronic condition with cholesterol-lowering drugs (like statins), anti-platelet drugs, and anti-hypertensive drugs, like angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and alpha-blocker agents. although these guidelines are available, Peripheral arterial disease patients are usually under-treated with regard to decreased predisposing factors when compared to patients with other heart diseases

Aim of Work: In this review, we will discuss Role of diet and exercise management of peripheral artery disease.

Methodology: We did a systematic search for Role of diet and exercise management of peripheral artery disease using PubMed search engine ( and Google Scholar search engine ( All relevant studies were retrieved and discussed. We only included full articles.

Conclusions: In our review we give solid evidence to the role of nutrition and physical exercise in the prevalence of peripheral artery disease. We conclude that in specific populations, anti-oxidants (like vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E), B vitamins (including folate and B6), and fibers intake were found to be linked to a protective effect going beyond that explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Additionally, a diet that is low in saturated fats and high in omega-3 fatty acids might also confer a beneficial effect against peripheral artery disease. Among more than sixteen million Americans who suffer from peripheral artery disease, our study demonstrated that extremely poor dietary habits, with average levels of nutritional intake far below what the FDA suggested dietary guidelines. This needs considerable dietary improvement on a nationwide scale.

Keywords: Diet; Exercise; Lifestyle; Peripheral Artery Disease; Management


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Citation: Manal Abdulaziz Murad., et al. “Role of Diet and Exercise Management of Peripheral Artery Disease: Review of Literatures”. EC Microbiology 15.7 (2019): 630-636.

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