Review Article
Volume 11 Issue 9 - 2022
Hormone Replacement Therapy for Menopausal Symptoms - A Summary of Current Scientific Evidence
Vikram Sinai Talaulikar*
Menopause Specialist, Hon. Associate Professor in University College London, Reproductive Medicine Unit, University College London Hospital, London, UK
*Corresponding Author: Vikram Sinai Talaulikar, Menopause Specialist, Hon. Associate Professor in University College London, Reproductive Medicine Unit, University College London Hospital, London, UK.
Received: June 21, 2022; Published: August 22, 2022




Abstract

Menopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) refers to replacement of one or more of the three key female sex hormones oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone for suppression of menopausal symptoms. It is vital that all women are granted easy access to health professionals for advice on how they can optimise their health during menopausal transition and the years beyond including discussion about lifestyle, HRT, and non-hormonal/complementary interventions.

Besides suppressing menopausal symptoms, HRT has some long-term health benefits such as protection against osteoporosis and heart disease especially if it is started early during the menopausal transition. The main risks associated with HRT such as venous thromboembolism and breast cancer can be minimised by choosing to take oestrogen through transdermal route rather than oral tablets and by using progestogens such as natural micronised progesterone or dydrogesterone. Overall, for most healthy women below the age of 60, benefits of HRT for menopausal symptoms outweigh any small increase in risks.

Keywords: Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT); Menopausal Symptoms

References

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Citation: Vikram Sinai Talaulikar. “Hormone Replacement Therapy for Menopausal Symptoms - A Summary of Current Scientific Evidence”. EC Gynaecology 11.9 (2022): 39-45.

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