Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 2 - 2022
Maternal Iron Folate Supplement Delivery During Pregnancy in a Developing Country: Scoping Review
Kebreab Paulos*, Dereje Haile, Adisu Yeshambel and Tigst Bekele
College of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Midwifery, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Kebreab Paulos, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Midwifery, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia.
Received: December 14, 2021; Published: January 27, 2022




Abstract

Background: It has been notified that ordinary consumption of dietary supplements containing iron or a combination of iron and folic acid for the duration of being pregnant improves maternal health and being pregnant results.

Iron deficiency is the prevalent usual nutrient deficiency and the most common reason of anemia globally. Because of the elevated iron necessity for the duration of being pregnant, iron deficiency can cause maternal anemia and decreased new child iron stores.

Methods: Scoping assessments of maternal complement application and distribution strategies in low-earnings countries such as Bangladesh, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, and Nepal are examined. A systematic search became executed in six databases; CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), MEDLINE, Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus, and FSTA (Food Science and Technology).

Results: A systematic search performed in six databases yielded a total of 526 un-duplicated results; (CINAHL: 42, Medline: 112, Web of Science: 77, PubMed: 90, Scopus: 179, FSTA: 10, and additional records: 16). Results after duplicates were removed (n = 318), these results were screened, and relevant studies based on the research question were identified and selected (n = 10). 10 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility and 5 of these studies were excluded for not meeting the scoping review criteria. Data was extracted and charted from the five remaining studies. The findings were collated and summarized. Two modes of delivery were identified: 1. Community-Based Distribution of Routine Iron/Folic Acid Supplementation in Pregnancy; and 2. pregnant women who received iron folate supplements from health centers/local centers.

Conclusion: Barriers in delivering maternal supplements include the lack of trained professional volunteers, limited support and guidance provided to volunteers, and a high cost of equipment, supplies, and building. Pregnant women in developing countries face many obstacles in accessing maternal supplement programs, including poverty, rural isolation, limited transportation, low social status, traditional, cultural, and religious practices. Strategies required to improve program delivery involved an earlier invitation to prenatal supplements, increase in partnerships, a focus on adolescent girls’ health, increase in training and incentives for volunteers, and self-help groups focused on prenatal education and counseling services.

Keywords: Pregnant Mothers; Iron Folate Supplements; Developing Countries; Low-Income Countries

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Citation: Kebreab Paulos., et al. “Maternal Iron Folate Supplement Delivery During Pregnancy in a Developing Country: Scoping Review”. EC Gynaecology 11.2 (2022): 23-30.

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