Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 12 - 2021
The Effect of the Body Mass of Pregnant Women on Anemia: A Comparative Study Between Pregnant Women Who Took Iron and Mothers Who Did Not Take it During Pregnancy

Ibtihal Meargani Fadoul Alla Mohamed1*, Rasha Mohamed Ali Homida1 and Abubakar Salaheldin Abubakar Sadig2

1OBGYN Department, IMC Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

2Saad Aboalella University Hospital, University of Khartoum, Sudan

*Corresponding Author: Ibtihal Meargani Fadoul Alla Mohamed, OBGYN Department, IMC Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: November 01, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021


Background: During pregnancy, women are exposed to many psychological and physical changes and health problems and the most prominent thing they face is anemia or anemia caused by a lack of iron level in the body; Iron is the main component of hemoglobin that carries oxygen to the cells of the body and brain.

Research Problem: The research problem is focused on knowing the effect of a pregnant woman's body mass on poverty among pregnant mothers who took iron and mothers who did not take it during pregnancy.

Methods: Cross-sectional design was chosen to assess the effect of the body mass of pregnant women on anemia and a comparison between pregnant women who took iron and mothers who did not take it during pregnancy.

Objectives: The research seeks to achieve the following objectives to getting to know the effect of the body mass of pregnant women on anemia and identifying the difference between women who took iron in different forms and those who did not, in terms of the effect on body mass.

Results: The t-test of two independent samples for body mass with the mothers who took iron and the others who did not take iron. We find that the number of pregnant mothers who were given iron vitamins was 21 women with an average body mass index (BMI) of 26.5810 and a standard deviation of 5.4982, and we also find that the number of pregnant mothers who were not given iron vitamins were 12 women, with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 31.5250 and a standard deviation of 3.65914. We also find that the t-test value equals -2.790 and that the p-value equals 0.009 > 0.05 level of significance.

Conclusion: Through the results that were reached in the statistical analysis and discussion of the results, it was concluded that there is a statistically significant relationship between the use of iron vitamin and the body mass of the pregnant mother, as the iron vitamin is necessary for the mother during pregnancy. We also find that the mother's weight is linked to taking vitamins, which entails many problems that accompany the birth process and affect the fetus.

Keywords: Iron; Anemia; BMI; Pregnancy


  1. Loy S and L Lim. “Iron status and risk factors of iron deficiency among pregnant women in Singapore: a cross-sectional study”. BMC Public Health1 (2019): 397.‏
  2. Mocking M., et al. “Does body mass index early in pregnancy influence the risk of maternal anaemia? An observational study in Indonesian and Ghanaian women”. BMC Public Health1 (2018): 873.‏
  3. Sunuwar DR., et al. “Effect of nutrition education on hemoglobin level in pregnant women: A quasi-experimental study”. PLoS One3 (2019): e0213982.‏
  4. Atefl Çelik Ç., et al. “The effects of body mass index, smoking and anemia on fetal birth weight”. Perinatal Journal2 (2021): 106-112.‏
  5. Seaharattanapatum B., et al. “Effectiveness of Balanced Diet-Iron Supplement Program among Pregnant Women with Anemia: A Quasi-Experimental Study”. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research4 (2021): 653-665.‏
  6. Wawer A., et al. “Are pregnant women who are overweight or living with obesity at greater risk of developing iron deficiency anaemia?” Nutrients5 (2021): 1572.‏
  7. Owusu LB., et al. “Association between iron supplementation and anaemia in pregnant women in Ghana”. Nutrition and Food Science‏ (2021).
  8. Boskabadi H., et al. “Comparison of birth weights of neonates of mothers receiving vs. not receiving zinc supplement at pregnancy”. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth1 (2021): 187.‏
  9. Daniel S., et al. “Effect of nutrition education among pregnant women with low body mass index: a community based intervention”. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health 11 (2016): 3135-3139.‏
  10. Keikhaei Aminzadeh M. “Adolescent with unfeasible body mass index: a risk factor for iron deficiency anemia”. Journal of Health and Medical Informatics 1 (2012): 109.‏
  11. Liabsuetrakul T. “Is international or Asian criteria-based body mass index associated with maternal anaemia, low birthweight, and preterm Births among Thai population?-An observational study”. Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition3 (2011): 218-228.‏
Citation: Ibtihal Meargani Fadoul Alla Mohamed., et al. “The Effect of the Body Mass of Pregnant Women on Anemia: A Comparative Study Between Pregnant Women Who Took Iron and Mothers Who Did Not Take it During Pregnancy”. EC Gynaecology 10.12 (2021): 48-54.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

May Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the May issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before May 25, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.