Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 12 - 2021
The Effect of the Body Mass of Pregnant Women on Anemia: A Comparative Study Between Pregnant Women Who Took Iron and Mothers Who Did Not Take it During Pregnancy

Ibtihal Meargani Fadoul Alla Mohamed1*, Rasha Mohamed Ali Homida1 and Abubakar Salaheldin Abubakar Sadig2

1OBGYN Department, IMC Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

2Saad Aboalella University Hospital, University of Khartoum, Sudan

*Corresponding Author: Ibtihal Meargani Fadoul Alla Mohamed, OBGYN Department, IMC Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: November 01, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021




Abstract

Background: During pregnancy, women are exposed to many psychological and physical changes and health problems and the most prominent thing they face is anemia or anemia caused by a lack of iron level in the body; Iron is the main component of hemoglobin that carries oxygen to the cells of the body and brain.

Research Problem: The research problem is focused on knowing the effect of a pregnant woman's body mass on poverty among pregnant mothers who took iron and mothers who did not take it during pregnancy.

Methods: Cross-sectional design was chosen to assess the effect of the body mass of pregnant women on anemia and a comparison between pregnant women who took iron and mothers who did not take it during pregnancy.

Objectives: The research seeks to achieve the following objectives to getting to know the effect of the body mass of pregnant women on anemia and identifying the difference between women who took iron in different forms and those who did not, in terms of the effect on body mass.

Results: The t-test of two independent samples for body mass with the mothers who took iron and the others who did not take iron. We find that the number of pregnant mothers who were given iron vitamins was 21 women with an average body mass index (BMI) of 26.5810 and a standard deviation of 5.4982, and we also find that the number of pregnant mothers who were not given iron vitamins were 12 women, with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 31.5250 and a standard deviation of 3.65914. We also find that the t-test value equals -2.790 and that the p-value equals 0.009 > 0.05 level of significance.

Conclusion: Through the results that were reached in the statistical analysis and discussion of the results, it was concluded that there is a statistically significant relationship between the use of iron vitamin and the body mass of the pregnant mother, as the iron vitamin is necessary for the mother during pregnancy. We also find that the mother's weight is linked to taking vitamins, which entails many problems that accompany the birth process and affect the fetus.

Keywords: Iron; Anemia; BMI; Pregnancy

References

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Citation: Ibtihal Meargani Fadoul Alla Mohamed., et al. “The Effect of the Body Mass of Pregnant Women on Anemia: A Comparative Study Between Pregnant Women Who Took Iron and Mothers Who Did Not Take it During Pregnancy”. EC Gynaecology 10.12 (2021): 48-54.

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