Literature Review
Volume 10 Issue 12 - 2021
Modern Aspects of the Fascial Structure of the Pelvic Floor (Literature Review)
Il’nur I Musin1*, Alfiya G Yashchuk1, Valentin N Pavlov1, Carla Stecco2 and Anzhella R Molokanova1
1Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State Medical University” of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Ufa City, Lenin Street, Russian Federation
2Department of Neuroscience, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Il’nur I Musin, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State Medical University” of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Ufa City, Lenin Street, Russian Federation.
Received: October 27, 2021; Published: December 31, 2021


The pelvic floor fascia has attracted the attention of gynecologists, proctologists, and rehabilitation doctors because of their possible role in prolapse and pelvic pain. In addition, they also underlie new surgical treatments for prolapse, such as mesh prostheses in the absence of alternative correction methods. Given the many complications, most notably postoperative pain, better knowledge of the fascial anatomy of the pelvic floor could help reduce these adverse outcomes.

This article is presented with a literature review compiled from sources from the PubMed, e-library. The data search was carried out for such queries as "fascia", "pelvic floor", "anatomy of the pelvic floor", "urogenital diaphragm", "chronic pelvic pain" both individually and collectively.

The revealed differences indicate the lack of a unified approach to the study of the relationship between anatomical and topographic structures of the perineum in anatomists, clinicians and surgeons. This, in turn, may affect the diagnosis, treatment, as well as the choice of correction methods for pelvic organ prolapse.

Considering the data presented, it can be assumed that the installation of mesh prostheses in gynecological practice on the area of the altered fascia can lead to chronic pelvic pain in the future. And the ability to visualize fascia and interpenetrating nerves in real time using ultrasound expands the horizons for research in this area and the creation of new therapeutic approaches in the prevention of Mesh-associated complications.

Keywords: Pelvic Organ Prolapse; Fascia; Polypropylene Mesh; Mesh-Associated Complications


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Citation: Il’nur I Musin., et al. “Modern Aspects of the Fascial Structure of the Pelvic Floor (Literature Review)”. EC Gynaecology 11.1 (2022): 34-40.

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