Editorial
Volume 10 Issue 12 - 2021
Attachment Placental Disorders: Placenta Accreta
Emilija Jasovic-Siveska1* and K Pajakovska2
1PHO Medihelp, Bitola, North Macedonia
2PHO Hospital Plodnost, Bitola, North Macedonia
*Corresponding Author: Emilija Jasovic-Siveska, Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics University St. Clement of Ohrid, Bitola, North Macedonia.
Received: November 11, 2021; Published: November 20, 2021




Proper placentation is a condition for the normal course of pregnancy, that is, the future health of the mother and the fetus. In the 18th century, the Hunter brothers first described spiral arteries, but substantial advances in the knowledge of the mechanism of placentation occurred in the late 20th century, with the introduction of cytokeratin immunohistochemical studies. These examinations finally confirmed the trophoblastic origin of the endovascular and intramural cells in the wall of the spiral arteries [1,2]. The unique process of vascular remodeling in human placenta is regulated in two ways: by the decidua and by the trophoblast itself.

References

  1. Pijnenborg R., et al. “The uterine spiral arteries in human pregnancy: facts and controversies”. Placenta9-10 (2006): 939-958.
  2. Kaufmann P., et al. “Endovascular trophoblast invasion: implications for the pathogenesis of intrauterine growth retardation and preeclampsia”. Biology of Reproduction 1 (2003): 1-7.
  3. Morlando M and Collins S. “Placenta Accreta Spectrum Disorders: Challenges, Risks, and Management Strategies”. International Journal of Women's Health 12 (2020): 1033-1045.
  4. Jauniaux E and Jurkovic D. “Placenta accreta: pathogenesis of a 20th century iatrogenic uterine disease”. Placenta4 (2012): 244-251.
  5. ISUOG Basic Training. Assessing the Placenta and Amniotic Fluid in Singleton and Twin Pregnancies.
  6. Slaoui A., et al. “Placenta accreta in the department of gynaecology and obstetrics in Rabat, Morocco: case series and review of the literature”. Pan African Medical Journal 33 (2019): 86.
  7. Al-Serehi A., et al. “Placenta accreta: an association with fibroids and Asherman syndrome”. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 11 (2008): 1623-1628.
  8. Garmi G and Salim R. “Epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, and management of placenta accrete”. Obstetrics and Gynecology International (2012): 873929.
  9. Tseng JJ and Chou MM. “Differential expression of growth-, angiogenesis- and invasion-related factors in the development of placenta accrete”. Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology2 (2006): 100-106.
  10. Earl U., et al. “Placenta accreta: an immunohistological study of trophoblast populations”. Placenta3 (1987): 273-282.
  11. Tantbirojn P., et al. “Pathophysiology of placenta creta: the role of decidua and extravillous trophoblast”. Placenta7 (2008): 639-645.
  12. Knöfler M., et al. “Human placenta and trophoblast development: key molecular mechanisms and model systems”. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 18 (2019): 3479-3496.
  13. Calì G., et al. “Morbidly adherent placenta: evaluation of ultrasound diagnostic criteria and differentiation of placenta accreta from percreta”. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 (2013): 406-412.
  14. Del Negro V., et al. “Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Placenta Accreta Spectrum (PAS) Disorder: Ideation of an Ultrasonographic Score and Correlation with Surgical and Neonatal Outcomes”. Diagnostics (Basel)1 (2020): 23.
Citation: Emilija Jasovic-Siveska and K Pajakovska. “Attachment Placental Disorders: Placenta Accreta”. EC Gynaecology 10.12 (2021): 01-03.

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