Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 5 - 2021
Maternal and Fetal Outcome in Dual Gestational Endocrinopathy
Veena M Vernekar1*, Shruti K2, Sumayya Sana2, Razia Begam1, Prashanth FG1, Pooja P1, Chandana HS1, Ananya I1 and Sreelatha S3
1Junior Resident, Department of OBG, ESICMC PGIMSR, Rajajinagar, Bengaluru, India
2Senior Resident, Department of OBG, ESICMC PGIMSR, Rajajinagar, Bengaluru, India
3Professor, Department of OBG, ESICMC PGIMSR, Rajajinagar, Bengaluru, India
*Corresponding Author: Veena M Vernekar, Junior Resident, Department of OBG, ESICMC PGIMSR, Rajajinagar, Bengaluru, India.
Received: March 15, 2021; Published: April 06, 2021


Background: Hypothyroidism and diabetes are the endocrine disorders commonly observed in pregnancy and each has been associated with adverse maternal and foetal outcomes. As there is a very high prevalence of hypothyroidism among GDM patients, this study is aimed at determining the prevalence of hypothyroidism among GDM patients and the maternal outcome and fetal outcome in pregnant women with dual endocrinopathy.

Aims and Objectives:

  1. To determine the proportion of hypothyroidism in pregnant with gestational diabetes mellitus.
  2. To assess the maternal and foetal outcome in antenatal patients with gestational diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism.

Methodology: This is a descriptive study conducted in department of OBG, ESIC-PGIMSR Bangalore between January 2020 to June 2020. All women attending antenatal OPD with gestational diabetes mellitus and thyroid dysfunction are followed up, and the maternal and foetal outcome evaluated.

Results: In our study the prevalence of hypothyroidism in patients with GDM is found to be 37.5%. Dual endocrinopathy is associated with increased risk of preeclampsia (27.3%) and risk for cesearean section (64.4%) and increased neonatal morbidity.

Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of hypothyroidism among patients with GDM and the dual endocrinopathy is associated with adverse maternal and foetal outcome. Hence pregnant women diagnosed with one of these endocrinopathies should be screened for the other.


Keywords: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; Thyroid Dysfunction; Dual Endocrinopathy; Preeclampsia; Foetal Outcome; Caesarean Section


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Citation: Veena M Vernekar., et al. “Maternal and Fetal Outcome in Dual Gestational Endocrinopathy”. EC Gynaecology 10.5 (2020): 16-23.

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