Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 5 - 2021
Granulomatous Mastitis: A Descriptive Study of 08 Cases Observed in the Department of Gynecology - Obstetrics II of the HASSAN II Teaching Hospital of Fez
Alpha Boubacar Conte*, Aboubecrine Barick, Fatima Zohra Fdili Alaoui, Abraham alexis Sanoh, Sofia Jayi, Hadiza Moutari Soule, Hikmat Chaara and Moulay Abdelilah Melhouf
Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics II, Hassan II Teaching Hospital, Fez, Morocco
*Corresponding Author: Alpha Boubacar Conte, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics II, Hassan II Teaching Hospital, Fez, Morocco.
Received: February 12, 2021; Published: April 28, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a chronic benign inflammatory disease of the breast that can mimic breast cancer. The goal of this study was to describe the clinical and radiological aspects of granulomatous mastitis in order to improve their management in our department.

Methodology: This was a prospective, descriptive study of 08 cases of granulomatous mastitis managed in the department of gynecology and obstetrics 2 of the HASSAN II hospital in Fez.

Result: The average age of patients was 40.63 years with extremes of 26 to 70 years. The main reason for consultation was the management of a breast nodule (3 of 8 cases). Clinically, fistulization with pus discharge was found in 4 cases. Opacities with irregular limits and density asymmetry were the main abnormalities found at mammography (5/8 cases). Breast ultrasound described heterogeneous hypo-echogenic ranges with multiple collections in six patients.

The diagnosis was based on histology. Management was surgical and medical in half  of cases, medical in 3 of cases. The etiological research was negative in the majority of cases. The evolution was marked by a complete remission of symptomatology after 02 months in 7 cases from the sample.

Conclusion:  Granulomatous mastitis is a rare entity. Its symptomatology is not specific. The diagnosis is histological. The prognosis is often favorable with complete remission of symptomatology. In some cases, symptomatology can persist despite well-conducted medical treatment. Surgery could be needed.

Keywords: Granulomatous Mastitis; Diagnosis; Management

References

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Citation: Alpha Boubacar Conte., et al. “Granulomatous Mastitis: A Descriptive Study of 08 Cases Observed in the Department of Gynecology - Obstetrics II of the HASSAN II Teaching Hospital of Fez”. EC Gynaecology 10.5 (2021): 30-34.

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