Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 11 - 2020
Spatial Distributions of Female Child Marriage and Associated Factors in Ethiopia: Evidence from Demographic and Health Survey
Kassahun Tiruaynet Gessesse1* and Kindie Fentahun Muchie2
1Senior Lecturer in Gender and Development Studies, College of Social Science and Humanities, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Kassahun Tiruaynet Gessesse, Senior Lecturer in Gender and Development Studies, College of Social Science and Humanities, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.
Received: May 19, 2020; Published: October 15, 2020




Abstract

Background: In Ethiopia, around million girls were exposed to the risk of child marriage in the country according to previous study report. But this report was not clearly identified and documented the potential local clusters of prevalence of child marriage and associated factors in the country.

Objective: This study was aimed to assess spatial distributions of female child marriage and associated factors in Ethiopia using the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey data.

Methods: The study was conducted based on the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey. Data analyzed were taken from 2903 women aged 20-24 years. Local Anselin Moran's I was used to identify potential local clusters of high prevalence of child marriage. Generalized estimating equations for binary outcome was used to identify associated factors of child marriage. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with its respective 95% confidence interval was reported to show the strength of association.

Results: The finding of this study showed that prevalence of child marriage in Ethiopia was 40.2% [95%CI: 38.4, 42.0]. In this study also, potential local clusters of high prevalence of child marriage were identified. Local region and educational status were determinant factors of child marriage in the country at 5% level of significance.

Conclusion: In this study, local region and educational status were determinant factors of child marriage in the country. To address the problems of child marriage concerned government bodies in collaboration with partners should provide massive awareness creation about child marriage and its effects in the country for the local communities.

Keywords: Child Marriage; Female; Spatial Distribution; Associated Factors; 20 - 24 Years; Ethiopia

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Citation: Kassahun Tiruaynet Gessesse and Kindie Fentahun Muchie. “Spatial Distributions of Female Child Marriage and Associated Factors in Ethiopia: Evidence from Demographic and Health Survey”. EC Gynaecology 9.11 (2020): 01-09.

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