Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 2 - 2020
Assessing the Knowledge of Breast Cancer Risk Factors, Warning Signs, Self-Examination, and Mammography among Women in the Eastern Region of Saudi Arabia
Adel Albargi1, Fatimah Z Alkhars2*, Ahmed Z Alkhars3, Abdullah Z Alkhars3, Alreem A Albagshi3 and Abdullah H Bukannan3
1Family Medicine Consultant, Collage of Medicine, King Faisal University, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia
2Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, King Faisal University, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia
3Medical Student, Collage of Medicine, King Faisal University, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Fatimah Z Alkhars, Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, King Faisal University, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 11, 2020; Published: January 27, 2020


Background: Breast cancer accounts for 23% of all cancer cases. It is also set as the most common cause of death among women in 140 countries around the world. The incidence in Saudi Arabia is (22.4/100,00). Early detection significantly improves the prognosis, however knowledge about the risk factors and early signs is needed. Previous studies showed low levels of awareness in Saudi females.

Objectives: The study aims to assessing the levels of breast cancer awareness among Saudi females in the eastern area of Saudi Arabia, assessing if the level of education will affect the level of awareness, and assessing if having a family history of breast cancer will affect the level of awareness.

Methods: This research is a questionnaire bas        ed cross-sectional descriptive study conducted on 438 females in the eastern area of Saudi Arabia. The statistical tests of choices were frequencies, percentages and independent T-test and ANOVA test.

Results: One-way ANOVA test has been used to assess the relationship between level of education and breast cancer knowledge. It has been observed that (ANOVA F = 1.127), (P = 0.338 which is > 0.05) hence the relationship between level of education and breast cancer knowledge is not significant. Independent T-test has been used to assess the relationship between positive family history of breast cancer and breast cancer knowledge. It has been observed that (P = 0.396 which is > 0.05) (T = 0.85) hence, no significant relationship has been found between positive family history of breast cancer and breast cancer knowledge level.

Conclusion: The overall knowledge levels are sub-optimal and need more improvement. No relationship has been found between Breast Cancer knowledge levels and educational level or positive family history of breast cancer.

Keywords: Breast Cancer; Lump; Mass; Awareness; Breast Self-Examination; Mammography


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Citation: Fatimah Z Alkhars., et al. “Assessing the Knowledge of Breast Cancer Risk Factors, Warning Signs, Self-Examination, and Mammography among Women in the Eastern Region of Saudi Arabia”. EC Gynaecology 9.2 (2020): 01-07.

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