Guest Editorial
Volume 8 Issue 2 - 2021
Is a Surgeon’s Operative Performance Worse after a Night Shift?
Adil Khan1* and Mazin Hamed2
1Luton and Dunstable University Hospital, Luton, UK
2James Paget University Hospital, Great Yarmouth, UK
*Corresponding Author: Adil Khan, Luton and Dunstable University Hospital, Luton, UK.
Received: January 10, 2021; Published: January 30, 2021




In the last 20 years sleep science has matured and ground-breaking research has unveiled metabolic and gene-level alterations associated with sleep deprivation. Studies have demonstrated epigenetic changes to tumour suppressor and circadian rhythm genes as a result of one-night of sleep deprivation [1,2] or a longer-term lack of sleep by as little as 2 hours each night.

References

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  2. Kuladottir GV., et al. “One-night sleep deprivation induces changes in the DNA methylation and serum activity indices of stearoyl-CoA desaturase in young healthy men”. Lipids in Health and Disease 1 (2016): 137.
  3. Ingrid Philibert. “Sleep loss and performance in residents and nonphysicians: a meta-analytic examination”. Sleep 11 (2005): 1392-402.
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  6. Fangyi Gu., et al. “Total and Cause-Specific Mortality of U.S. Nurses Working Rotating Night Shifts”. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 3 (2015): 241-252.
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  11. Christopher Vinden. “Complications of Daytime Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomies Performed by Surgeons Who Operated the Night Before”. The Journal of the American Medical Association 17 (2013): 1837.
  12. Anand Govindarajan MD., et al. “Outcomes of Daytime Procedures Performed by Attending Surgeons after Night Work”. The New England Journal of Medicine 373 (2015): 845-853.
  13. Paula Alhola and Päivi Polo-Kantola. “Sleep deprivation: Impact on cognitive performance”. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 5 (2007): 553-567.
  14. Nathaniel F. “Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society on the Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: Methodology and Discussion (2015).
  15. Frédéric Dutheil., et al. “2019 Suicide among physicians and health-care workers: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2019): e0223361.
  16. National Statistics UK armed forces suicides (2018).
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  18. Simone Cappelletti., et al. “Caffeine: Cognitive and Physical Performance Enhancer or Psychoactive Drug?” Current Neuropharmacology 1 (2015): 71-88.
  19. Yun Li., et al. “Comparison of NREM sleep and intravenous sedation through local information processing and whole brain network to explore the mechanism of general anesthesia (2018).
  20. Timothy Morgenthaler., et al. “Sleep Practice parameters for the psychological and behavioral treatment of insomnia: an update”. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Report11 (2006): 1415-1419.
Citation: Adil Khan and Mazin Hamed. “Is a Surgeon’s Operative Performance Worse after a Night Shift?”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 8.2 (2021): 114-117.

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