Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 3 - 2021
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among School Going Children of Lucknow
Wamique Khan and Shrish Bhatnagar*
Eras Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, India
*Corresponding Author: Shrish Bhatnagar, Eras Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, India.
Received: May 19, 2020; Published: February 27, 2021




Abstract

Aim and Objectives: To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among urban school going children aged 10 - 15 years and identify associated risk factors.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out among 1000 school children in the targeted age group. Data was collected using structured proforma. Demographic details were noted, weight and height of children were measured and BMI was calculated. The nutritional status of children was evaluated using gender-specific BMI for age criteria. Overweight was classified as > 85th percentile and Obesity was classified as > 95th percentile value and prevalence of metabolic syndrome components in high risk (overweight/obese) children was assessed.

Results: Prevalence of Overweight and obesity among children aged 10 - 15 years was found to be 11.30% and 1.10% respectively with higher proportion of males being obese (63.64%). The study confirmed positive association of obesity with outdoor eating, consumption of bakery/confectionary, soft drinks, ice-cream and sedentary life style. Although no significant association of components of metabolic syndrome was found in high risk students.

Conclusion: The present study highlighted association of dietary factors and physical activity with overweight and obesity. Creating awareness among school goers on negative health effect of obesity is the key for maintaining good health.

Keywords: Overweight; Obesity; Children

References

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Citation: Wamique Khan and Shrish Bhatnagar. “Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among School Going Children of Lucknow”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 8.3 (2021): 153-169.

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