Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 4 - 2020
Epidemiological Features of the Pathology of the Upper Departments of the Gastrointestinal Tract among the Population of St. Petersburg
Yuliya V Kokovina1, Tatiyana M Chirkina2*, Batibek I Aslanov3, Igor G Bakulin4 and Adelya R Galiullina5
1Assistant of the Department of Propaedeuticucs of Internal Diseases, Gastroenterology and Dietetics, North-Western State Medical University Named After I. I. Mechnikov, Russian Federation
2Assistant of the Department of Epidemiology, North-Western State Medical University Named After I. I. Mechnikov, Russian Federation
3Associate Professor of the Department of Epidemiology, North-Western State Medical University Named After I. I. Mechnikov, Russian Federation
4Professor, Head of the Department of Propaedeuticucs of internal Diseases, Gastroenterology and Dietetics, North-Western State Medical University Named After I. I. Mechnikov, Russian Federation
5Third Year Medical Student of North-Western State Medical University Named After I. I. Mechnikov, Russian Federation
*Corresponding Author: Tatyana M Chirkina, Assistant of the Department of Epidemiology of North-Western State Medical University Named After I. I. Mechnikov, Russian Federation.
Received: February 19, 2020; Published: March 17, 2020


Gastrointestinal diseases are still considered to be crucial problems in a clinical medicine, attracting attention of medical practitioners and healthcare policymakers. In St. Petersburg, among the examined chronic diseases of the upper gastrointestinal tract, gastritis and duodenitis are widespread. The prevalence analysis included patients registered in the reporting period. The most common disease occurs among adolescents 15 - 17 years old. Currently, there is a number of statistical reports, which describe information about the number of registered patients with hernias is not correct. After analyzing the registration of diseases, it should be noted that it is necessary to record diseases correctly, which will lead to competent prevention and follow-up of patients of all groups, and this will result in one of the main stages of the implementation of state programs to reduce morbidity, oncopathology and mortality.

Keywords: Patients; Prevalence; GERD; Diseases; Prevention; Cases


  1. Gurov AN., et al. “Analysis of the incidence, hospitalization frequency and mortality rate in the pathology of the digestive system in the Moscow region”. Almanac of Clinical Medicine 40 (2015): 58-62. 
  2. Lezhneva I Yu and NM Balabina. “Prevalence and risk factors of chronic gastritis”. Siberian Medical Journal 4 (2011): 31-33. 
  3. Subbotin AM and SA Blashentseva. “Modern views on the diagnosis and pathogenesis of atrophic gastritis (literature review)”. Volga Oncology Bulletin 4 (2010): 66-73. 
  4. Vasiliev Yu V. “Reducing the prevalence and incidence of peptic ulcer disease is an amazing phenomenon of the late XX - early XXI century”. Experimental and Clinical Gastroenterology 9 (2010): 73-76. 
  5. Skvortsov VV and VV Odintsov. “Actual issues of diagnosis and treatment of gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer”. Medical Alphabet Hospital 4 (2010): 13-17. 
  6. Plekhanov AN. “Epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment of traumatic diaphragmatic hernias (literature review)”. Bulletin of the All-Russian Scientific Research Center SB RAMS 77.1 (2011): 237-242. 
  7. Zhukova TV. “Gastroesophaneal reflux disease: extra-esophageal manifestations, diagnostic and correction methods”. Medical News 11 (2013): 4-8. 
  8. Shikhnabieva MD and Kh M Bataev. “Gastroesophageal reflux disease as a clinical problem”. Modern Problems of Science and Education 3 (2015). 
  9. Zimmerman Ya S and LG Vologzhanina. “Gastroesophageal reflux disease: current state of the problem and prospects”. Clinical Medicine 94.7 (2016): 485-496. 
  10. EI Tkachenko., et al. “Gastroesophageal reflux disease: pathogenetic basis of differential treatment tactics”. Experimental and Clinical Gastroenterology 2 (2009): 104-114. 
  11. Kardasheva SS., et al. “Gastroesophageal reflux: new treatment prospects”. Medical Council 11 (2017): 92-99. 
  12. Bordin DS., et al. “Chronic gastritis: a modern view of an old problem”. Experimental and Clinical Gastroenterology 5 (2012): 99-106. 
  13. VT Ivashkin., et al. “Modern achievements in the diagnosis and conduct of the refractory form of gastroesophageal reflux disease”. Therapeutic Archive 8 (2018): 4-12. 
  14. Mayev IV., et al. “Gastroesophageal reflux disease - a disease of the XXI century”. Attending Physician 4 (2004): 10-14. 
  15. VT Ivashkin., et al. “Clinical recommendations of the Russian Gastroenterological Association for the diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease”. Russian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Coloproctology 27.4 (2017): 75-95. 
Citation: Tatiyana M Chirkina., et al. “Epidemiological Features of the Pathology of the Upper Departments of the Gastrointestinal Tract among the Population of St. Petersburg”. EC Gastroenterology and Digestive System 7.4 (2020): 15-22.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

March Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the March issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for April Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the May issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before April 14, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to