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Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 2 - 2020
Prevalence of Diabetic Complications in Relation to Risk Factors among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes at University Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Muhammad Meshal Aljehani1*, Alsaluli Mobarak Mohamed2, Alamri Hassan Ali2, Haitham Rasheed Alhaeti1, Fatimah Mohammed Alribh3, Faris Abdullah Alharbi4, Khalid Mohammed Alassiri5, Aisha Mohammed Nasser6, Omar Ali Saeed Alghamdi7 and Fatimah Jassim Al-Hassan8
1Faculty of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2King Abdullah Hospital, Bisha, Saudi Arabia
3Maastricht University, Netherlands and Qatif, Saudi Arabia
4Ministry of Health, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
5Ministry of Health, Khamis Mushait, Saudi Arabia
6Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
6Batterjee Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6King Faisal University, College of Medicine, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Meshal Aljehani, Faculty of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 20, 2019; Published: December 31, 2019




Abstract

Background: The prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing everywhere. This study aimed to assess diabetic complications and their risk factors, among type 2 diabetic patients toward reducing the disease burden.

Methodology: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was carried out among 469 patients with T2DM attending medical clinic at King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) in Riyadh during the period of January to June 2019.

Results: Of 469 DM patients 62.7% females and 37.3% males, the mean age and disease duration were 58.3 ± 10.3 and 10.8 ± 7 years, respectively. Macrovascular complications included coronary arty disease(CAD), stroke, and peripheral vascular disease were found in 9.4%, 1.1%, and 4.7%, respectively; whereas for microvascular complications 31.1%, 69.2%, 45.2%, 2.6%, and 1.3% having diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, diabetic foot, and lower extremity amputation (LEA), respectively. Among those subjects hypertension, dyslipidemia, overweight/obesity, central obesity, and smoking were found in 76.4%, 76.7%, 71.8%, 33.5% and 13%, respectively. Age, disease duration, and HBA1c were statistically significant risk factors for microvascular complications and diabetic foot while for macrovascular complications was only related to increased age. Occurrence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), neuropathy, diabetic foot, and LEA was significantly higher among males than females.

Conclusion: This population was at high risk of CVD with high prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity. Understanding the extent to which DM complications can be reduced from multiple risk factor control can be helpful in providing the evidence-based rationale for composite risk factor control efforts in DM management. In addition, routine screening for detection of new complications need to be emphasized in order to prevent morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Diabetic Complications; Saudi Arabia; Risk Factors

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Citation: Muhammad Meshal Aljehani., et al. “Prevalence of Diabetic Complications in Relation to Risk Factors among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes at University Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia”. EC Endocrinology and Metabolic Research 5.1 (2020): 01-08.

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