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Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 7 - 2020
Comparison of Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence between the Pre-crisis and Crisis Period in Syria
Zaynab Alourfi1,3* and Maria Kadri Al Tourjuman2
1Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Damascus University, Syria
2Department of Health, Syrian Society for Social Development, Syria
3Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Syrian Private University, Syria
*Corresponding Author: Zaynab Alourfi, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Damascus University, Syria.
Received: April 23, 2020; Published: June 29, 2020


Background: The Syrian crisis has had a big impact on the country as a whole, including its health and economy. Since Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) has several risk factors, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the crisis on its prevalence.

Methods: A convenient sample of 1550 healthy subjects aged 18-82 years participated in this study from 2010 till 2015. MetS prevalence was compared between the pre-crisis period and crisis period.

Results: MetS prevalence was found to be significantly lower during the crisis period compared to the pre-crisis period, whereby it was 20.1% in 2010 compared to 11% in 2015.Still, when hospital admissions from cardiovascular disease (CVD) were compared between the pre-crisis and crisis periods, the latter was found to be significantly higher during the crisis as opposed to the pre-crisis period.

Conclusion: The lower prevalence of MetS in the crisis period could be attributed to the change in lifestyle (physical activity and dietary habits). Still, hospital admissions from CVD increased, which could be explained by the increase in psychological stress from the crisis. Thus, further studies need to investigate the effect of both MetS and stress on CVD.

Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome; Crisis; Cardiovascular Disease; Stress


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Citation: Zaynab Alourfi and Maria Kadri Al Tourjuman. “Comparison of Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence between the Pre-crisis and Crisis Period in Syria”. EC Endocrinology and Metabolic Research 5.7 (2020): 60-66.

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