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Review Article
Volume 5 Issue 6 - 2020
Environmental Risk Factors for Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (DTC)
Donatella Casiglia1* and Carmelo Barbaccia2
1Endocrinology Department, King’s College Hospital London, Dubai, UAE
2ENT Department, King’s College Hospital London, Dubai, UAE
*Corresponding Author:Donatella Casiglia, Endocrinology Department, King’s College Hospital London, Dubai, UAE.
Received: April 17, 2020; Published: May 15, 2020




Abstract

In the last 20 years, we are seeing a dramatic increasing of incidence of thyroid cancer, especially papillary variant. It is controversial whether the real increase is due to the improvement of detection, screening and overdiagnosis or a real increase is possible, as recent observations suggest.

Several risk factors are suspects to be responsible of the etiology.

Some environmental risk factors are strongly correlated with thyroid cancer as radiation exposure and iodine status. Others as diabetes and obesity, estrogen and lifestyle factors have been suggested as possible element of risk.

This review is analysing the possible environmental risk correlate with the increasing thyroid cancer incidence.

Keywords: Differentiated Thyroid Cancers (DTC); Papillary Thyroid Cancer (PTC); SEER Data (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Result); Risk Factors

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Citation: Donatella Casiglia and Carmelo Barbaccia. “Environmental Risk Factors for Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (DTC)”. EC Endocrinology and Metabolic Research 5.6 (2020): 04-12.

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