Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 1 - 2020
Knowledge Analysis of Medical Students about Emergency Medicine as a Medical Specialty and Specific Residency: A Brazilian Medical Education Context
Lucas Loiola Ponte Albuquerque Ribeiro*
Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Lucas Loiola Ponte Albuquerque Ribeiro, Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
Received: November 21, 2019; Published: December 16, 2019




Abstract

Introduction: In Brazil, the residency in emergency medicine was established in 1996 in Porto Alegre, 20 years after the medical residency was formalized as a postgraduate modality. Worldwide, this specialty is one of the most recognized ones, today by more than 60 countries. The emergency physician reduces mortality, costs and overcrowding, makes safe decisions and minimizes ethical processes, demonstrating the importance of essential skills, competencies, and attitudes in different urgency and emergency scenarios. Most Brazilian universities do not have teaching programs in the curriculum. Therefore, there is a need for an urgent and obligatory structuring of the teaching of the subject in medical graduation; Greater contact with the service and greater focus within the college should be considered to improve academic understanding. 

Objectives: To analyze the knowledge of medical students about emergency medicine as a medical specialty and residency apart. 

Methodology: Cross-sectional descriptive study based on the results of an online questionnaire applied, through the Google Forms tool, to medical students from Brazil. Data were analyzed by the Microsoft Excel program, totaling 220 answers, with the Informed Consent Form (ICF) being used and accepted. 

Results: Of the academics, 60.9% study in the northeast Brazil, 15% in the south, 9.5% in the north, 9.1% in the southeast, 5.5% in the midwest. 64.5% are from the private network. All semesters were represented, 16.8% of the 3rd, followed by the 5th - 13.8% and 8th - 12.7%. Regarding the time that the subject is approached, answers vary between one semester (32.7%), one year (24.1%), one and a half years (12.7%), two years (9.5%), over 2 years (13.2%) and never (7.7%). Of those who have already experienced, it was divided into practical classes/simulations (26.3%), first aid (22.9%), separate subject (22.7%) and class subject of other specialties (22.4%). Regarding extracurricular internships, 75.5% confirmed their existence, but only 23.6% said they participated. Knowledge, leadership, agility and reasoning stood out as important characteristics. 72.7% indicated interest in this specialty, and of these, 82.9% would opt for the adult part. Regarding the duration of this residency, 64% answered at least 2 years, 30% minimum 3 and 6% minimum 1. 78% state that there are no prerequisites for this residence. Given the data analysis, it was demonstrated good knowledge about the subject, even with practical experience not being a reality. This fact shows the importance of having greater contact with students, since the practice associated with interest would leave them technically and psychologically prepared to deal with this situation. 

Conclusion: It is of utmost importance that academics have contact with the subjects related to emergency medicine during the course period, so that they can acquire preparation and knowledge to be able to deal with this routine situation, not only in hospital, but in daily life.

Keywords: Medical Students; Emergency Medicine; Medical Specialty; Specific Residency

Citation: Lucas Loiola Ponte Albuquerque Ribeiro. “Knowledge Analysis of Medical Students about Emergency Medicine as a Medical Specialty and Specific Residency: A Brazilian Medical Education Context”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 4.1 (2020): 01-04.

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