Review Article
Volume 5 Issue 12 - 2021
Primary Health Care in Canada: Strengths, Challenges and Learned Lessons
Muna Alkhaifi*
Division of General Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital, Unity Health Toronto, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
*Corresponding Author: Muna Alkhaifi, Division of General Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital, Unity Health Toronto, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Received: November 11, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021


Background: Canada has vast geographical areas, diverse populations, and different local systems providing primary care. These factors have contributed to some of the challenges that are faced by the Primary Health Care system.

Objective: This paper explores the current state of the PHC system in Canada, highlighting some of the strengths of the system and learned lessons. This review critically analyzes the key challenges that PHC face, including access to care, particularly focusing on access to vulnerable populations, as well as program coordination to address issues of these populations.

Results: In Canada, Primary Health care plays an important role as gate keepers. It provides comprehensive care with a wide range of services. Access to care has proven to one of the key challenges. Some populations have inequitable access to health care compared to other groups, and this can result in poorer health outcomes. Lack of coordination across different providers with different organizations managing different layers of care is another key challenge to primary care system.

Conclusion: Health care in Canada- provides coverage that is deep in its value but may be narrow in its scope. Although numerous reforms have taken place to improve access and to provide more comprehensive care, considerable work remains to provide equitable access to vulnerable populations and coordinated care.

Keywords: Primary Health; Canada Strengths; Challenges and Learned Lessons


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Citation: Muna Alkhaifi. “Primary Health Care in Canada: Strengths, Challenges and Learned Lessons”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.12 (2021): 149-156.

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