Literature Review
Volume 5 Issue 9 - 2021
Using Information Technology for Data Collection in Epidemiological Research in Saudi Arabia
Hussain Ali Alarbash*
Department of Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Health, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Hussain Ali Alarbash, Department of Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Health, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Received: July 06, 2021; Published: August 28, 2021




Abstract

Background: E-epidemiology and its use of information technology to timelessness gather and analyze data to narrow the knowledge gab effectively to control pandemics and prevalent chronic diseases. Using Information Technology (IT) and other electronic means in data collection is highly convenient and portable.

Objectives: We have conducted this review to summarize the current researches in Saudi Arabia which used IT to collect data.

Methods: Studied were identified by searching PubMed, google scholar and Saudi Digital Library database and revealed 121 studies. After checking eligibility 11 articles were included in the review.

Results: About half of the studies used non-probability sample and Study population was a variety including, health care workers, general population, outpatient visitors, Makkah pilgrims and internet users. Data collected through different methods including, mobile applications, google forms, emails, WhatsApp, electronic devices and GIS information. The time period needed collect data is ranged from 10 days to 8 months. Regarding the sample were included was ranged between 48 and 6089 participants. Data were presented simply as frequency tables and percentages in some studies and in others were presented after advanced use of statistical tools.

Discussion: This review provides a comprehensive understanding of the use of IT in the collection of epidemiological data in researches conducted in Saudi Arabia covering communicable and non-communicable diseases. Smartphones and mobile applications in modern medical and hospital systems, made screening, monitoring and guided health providers to manage diseases up to date. E-epidemiology in hajj mass gathering season helped in prevent, detect and monitor health events efficiently.

Keywords: E-epidemiology; Information Technology (IT); Data Collection

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Citation: Hussain Ali Alarbash. “Using Information Technology for Data Collection in Epidemiological Research in Saudi Arabia”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.9 (2021): 11-22.

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