Review Article
Volume 5 Issue 8 - 2021
The Fight against Coronavirus Disease-2019 Pandemic: A Perspective on the Ethiopian Scene
Sileshi Lulseged*
Department of Pediatric and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Sileshi Lulseged, Department of Pediatric and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Received: July 19, 2021; Published: July 31, 2021




Abstract

We recognize that human coronaviruses owing to their wide distribution and large genetic diversity, and the ever-increasing humananimal interaction has been causing major global emergencies, particularly since 2002. The latest in this series of human infections caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 caught the world by surprise in 2019 quickly turning into a pandemic. By July 6, 2021, the pandemic swept across the globe affecting over 183 million and causing over four million deaths. In continental Africa, a total of over 4.3 million confirmed cases and 102 thousand deaths were reported, which constituted a small proportion (2.3%) of the overall global burden. Ethiopia, a country with a huge population of over 115 million and many socio-economic vulnerabilities, only 276,984 cases and 4,343 deaths, this occurring in and around Addis Ababa, the capital city. The government initially responded strongly but was subsequently challenged with the enforcement of regulations and guidelines as the number increased. Most of the health care workers, who are at the front line and exposed to the hazards, are knowledgeable about coronavirus disease- 2019, but not practicing mitigation measures adequately, partly due to lack of infection prevention skills and personal protection equipment. Various measures were taken to boost health workers’ motivation and improve their working environment. Despite the relatively lower number of cases, the health system was outstripped by the demands of the pandemic, including laboratory diagnosis, while catering to other basic health services like maternal and child health, surgical interventions, and follow-up services for patients requiring chronic care. The pandemic is perceived in Ethiopia to constitute a major public health threat that could result in unprecedented socio-economic disruptions. The pandemic and associated mitigation measures had and will continue to have a heavy negative impact, particularly among the most vulnerable population groups. Limitations with resources, sporadic conflicts, political instability, and poor governance will further constrain the country’s limited capacity to effectively continue with the response to the pandemic, while also addressing other competing needs. The emerging technology of medications and vaccines seems to be promising to eventually control the pandemic, but much remains to be done to win the battle against the corona pandemic.

Keywords: Coronavirus; SARS-COV-2; COVID-19; Pandemic

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Citation: Sileshi Lulseged. “The Fight against Coronavirus Disease-2019 Pandemic: A Perspective on the Ethiopian Scene”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.8 (2021): 57-64.

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