Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 8 - 2021
Ischemic Time in Traumatic Vascular Injuries: Awareness, Practice, and Challenges in a Southern Nigerian State
Christian Emeka Amadi1 and Rex Friday Ogoronte A Ijah2*
1Consultant Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgeon, Department of Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, and Lecturer, Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
2Consultant General Surgeon, Department of Surgery, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital and Lecturer, PAMO University of Medical Sciences, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Rex Friday Ogoronte A Ijah, Consultant General Surgeon, Department of Surgery, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital and Lecturer, PAMO University of Medical Sciences, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
Received: July 05, 2021; Published: July 19, 2021




Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the awareness, practice and challenges associated with the application of the knowledge of ischemic time in the care of surgical patients with traumatic vascular injuries among medical doctors in Port Harcourt.

Background: Traumatic vascular injuries can arise from military, civilian and even diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The prevalence and significance of trauma as a public health concern has been severally reported. In the care of patients with traumatic vascular injuries involving the limb, there has been emphasis on ischemic time with a historical progression from limb amputations, through various forms of vascular repairs to microvascular repairs and replantation.

Materials and Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among public tertiary and private medical doctors in Port Harcourt using the convenience sampling method, and analysed using SPSS version 20.0.

Results: A total of 460 respondents were recruited in this survey. One hundred and seventy-two respondents (37.4%) affirmed that ischaemic time in vascular injuries is interval between severance of vascular supply to a tissue and onset of tissue death. Opinion on success rate for the care of vascular injuries also varied among respondents, with 143 (31.1%) indicating 10% - 40% success rate, etc. Two hundred and sixty-nine (58.5%) respondents encountered challenges in the care of vascular injury patients including human, material, and environmental.

Conclusion: Knowledge of ischemic time was low. There is need for training and retraining of medical personnel to improve knowledge and care for patients with traumatic vascular injury.

Keywords: Traumatic Vascular Injuries; Ischemic Time; Awareness; Practice; Challenges; Port Harcourt; Nigeria

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Citation: Christian Emeka Amadi and Rex Friday Ogoronte A Ijah. “Ischemic Time in Traumatic Vascular Injuries: Awareness, Practice, and Challenges in a Southern Nigerian State”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.8 (2021): 02-11.

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