Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 7 - 2021
Epidemiological Behavior of Leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Choloma, Department of Cortés, Honduras, 2016 - 2018
Karla Carolina Rivera Calix1, Haydee Santos Sagastume2, Ana Gabriela Osorio Aguiluz2, Elmer Benjamin Hernández Santos2, Stephanie Victoria Henríquez Arita2 and Oscar Fawed Ortega Reyes3*
1Doctora en Medicina y Cirugía, UNICAH, MsC. En Epidemiología CIES, Spain
2Doctora en Medicina y Cirugía, UNICAH, Spain
3Director Internacional en Métodos de Investigación Sanitario Social, Global Humana, Spain
*Corresponding Author: Oscar Fawed Ortega Reyes, Director Internacional en Métodos de Investigación Sanitario Social, Global Humana, Spain.
Received: May 17, 2021; Published: June 26, 2021


Background: Leishmaniasis; which is an infectious disease, its vector being the Lutzomyia mosquito. Which is more common in tropical countries.

Objectives: To determine the epidemiological behavior of leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Choloma, Department of Cortés, Honduras, 2016 - 2018.

Methodological Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study, carried out in Choloma, Department of Cortes, Honduras. Universe of 104 files with a confirmed diagnosis of Leishmaniasis, with a type of non-probabilistic convenience sample, including patients with Leishmaniasis, complete files and with a population of legal age; All files were analyzed, extracting the variables of interest. The statistical software SPSS V21 was used. Using the Microsoft Word package to export tables and graphics. At an ethical level, this study was considered low-risk, the researchers of this study approved the WHO course on good clinical practices in research with human beings.

Results: It was observed that the most incident group were those over 41 years with 35% (37) and men in 81% (84), the Primary obtained first place with 73% (76), being a farmer the predominant occupation with a little more than 50% (54) and coming in 85% (89) from rural areas. The Ulcerated Cutaneous Type Lesion obtained 72% (75), The Single Lesion obtained 84% (87) with a predominance of appearance on the Face and Neck in 46% (48) and a Clinical Evolution in Time of 0 - 3 months in almost 95% (98). The discharge condition was favorable in 97% (101).

Conclusion: Men between 11 - 20 years old, from rural areas, with little or no education, are the most affected. The behavior of the pathology is summarized in ulcerated cutaneous areas of the face and neck.

Keywords: Leishmaniasis; Black Fever; Honduras; Epidemiology


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Citation: Oscar Fawed Ortega Reyes., et al. “Epidemiological Behavior of Leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Choloma, Department of Cortés, Honduras, 2016 - 2018”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.7 (2021s): 62-67.

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