Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 7 - 2021
Epidemiological Behavior of Leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Choloma, Department of Cortés, Honduras, 2016 - 2018
Karla Carolina Rivera Calix1, Haydee Santos Sagastume2, Ana Gabriela Osorio Aguiluz2, Elmer Benjamin Hernández Santos2, Stephanie Victoria Henríquez Arita2 and Oscar Fawed Ortega Reyes3*
1Doctora en Medicina y Cirugía, UNICAH, MsC. En Epidemiología CIES, Spain
2Doctora en Medicina y Cirugía, UNICAH, Spain
3Director Internacional en Métodos de Investigación Sanitario Social, Global Humana, Spain
*Corresponding Author: Oscar Fawed Ortega Reyes, Director Internacional en Métodos de Investigación Sanitario Social, Global Humana, Spain.
Received: May 17, 2021; Published: June 26, 2021




Abstract

Background: Leishmaniasis; which is an infectious disease, its vector being the Lutzomyia mosquito. Which is more common in tropical countries.

Objectives: To determine the epidemiological behavior of leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Choloma, Department of Cortés, Honduras, 2016 - 2018.

Methodological Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study, carried out in Choloma, Department of Cortes, Honduras. Universe of 104 files with a confirmed diagnosis of Leishmaniasis, with a type of non-probabilistic convenience sample, including patients with Leishmaniasis, complete files and with a population of legal age; All files were analyzed, extracting the variables of interest. The statistical software SPSS V21 was used. Using the Microsoft Word package to export tables and graphics. At an ethical level, this study was considered low-risk, the researchers of this study approved the WHO course on good clinical practices in research with human beings.

Results: It was observed that the most incident group were those over 41 years with 35% (37) and men in 81% (84), the Primary obtained first place with 73% (76), being a farmer the predominant occupation with a little more than 50% (54) and coming in 85% (89) from rural areas. The Ulcerated Cutaneous Type Lesion obtained 72% (75), The Single Lesion obtained 84% (87) with a predominance of appearance on the Face and Neck in 46% (48) and a Clinical Evolution in Time of 0 - 3 months in almost 95% (98). The discharge condition was favorable in 97% (101).

Conclusion: Men between 11 - 20 years old, from rural areas, with little or no education, are the most affected. The behavior of the pathology is summarized in ulcerated cutaneous areas of the face and neck.

Keywords: Leishmaniasis; Black Fever; Honduras; Epidemiology

References

  1. Gonzalez U., et al. “Interventions for American cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2009).
  2. Jaramillo-Antillon., et al. “Current status of leishmaniasis in Costa Rica”. Acta Médica Costarricense3 (2009): 158-164.
  3. Unger Alon., et al. “Leishmaniasis”. American Journal Tropical Medicine and Hygiene4 (2009): 574-579.
  4. Van Thiel PP., et al. “Cutaneous leishmaniasis (Leishmania major infection) in Dutch troops deployed in northern Afghanistan: epidemiology, clinical aspects, and treatment”. American Journal Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 83 (2010): 1295.
  5. World Health Organization. Leishmaniasis 2 (2019): 12.13.
  6. Barahona O. “Cutaneous Leishmaniasis”. Acta Pediátrica Hondureña1 (2015).
  7. Diburga Del Aguila C. “Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of adult patients with Leishmaniasis in the regional hospital of Pucallpa in 2014” (2016).
  8. Echeverry M., et al. “Leishmaniasis care guide” (2012).
  9. Elsa Nieves., et al. “Evaluation of leishmaniasis knowledge and practices in an endemic area of Venezuela (2010).
  10. Giavedoni P., et al. “Cutaneous leishmaniasis. Twenty-year experience in a Spanish tertiary hospital”. Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas4 (2015): 310-316.
  11. Guerra JADO., et al. “Tegumentary leishmaniasis in the state of Amazonas: what have we learned and what do we need?”. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 48 (2015): 12-19.
  12. Heymann DL. “The control of communicable diseases (No. 613)”. Pan American Health Org. Journal, (2005). Cuadernos de Saude Publica 10 (1994): 181-189.
  13. Leishmaniasis, Anthropology, control, epidemiological treatment”. DOAJ- Directory of open Acess Journals, Laund University Libranes, Hud office (2019).
  14. Matute N., et al. “Clinical-epidemiological characterization of patients with Leishmaniasis treated at Hospital Escuela”. Revista Médica Hondureña1 (2009).
  15. Oliva R., et al. “Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Sanitary Region No. 3, Republic of Honduras, January 1998-September 2002”. Cuban Journal of Hygiene and Epidemiology2 (2009): 0-0.
Citation: Oscar Fawed Ortega Reyes., et al. “Epidemiological Behavior of Leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Choloma, Department of Cortés, Honduras, 2016 - 2018”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.7 (2021s): 62-67.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


October Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the October issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before November 04, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk