Short Communication
Volume 5 Issue 7 - 2021
C-ARDS, a Quick Approach
Jorge Hidalgo1*, Pedro Arriaga2, Fernando Cuellar3, Gerhaldine Morazan4 and Allyson Hidalgo5
1Professor of Critical Care, Head of the ICU and COVID-Unit at Belize Healthcare Partners, Belize
2Head of the Critical Care Unit, Karl Heusner Memorial Hospital, Belize
3Head of the Intensive Care Unit, Belize Medical Associates, Belize
4Medical Director, Central Medical Laboratory, Belize
5Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Phoenix, United States
*Corresponding Author: Jorge Hidalgo, Professor of Critical Care, Head of the ICU and COVID-Unit at Belize Healthcare Partners, Belize.
Received: June 04, 2021; Published: June 23, 2021


Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) defined as acute condition characterized by a diffused, inflammatory lung injury caused by increase pulmonary vascular permeability that induces inflammation and edema of the lungs. This process will result in changes in lung weight and loss of aerated lung tissue affecting lung compliance and the exchange of gases leading to hypoxemia [1,2].

In the case of COVID-19 pneumonia related ARDS (C-ARDS) there is also the presence of inflammation of the endothelium (endothelialitis) in the vascular system. This increases the risk for the development of thrombosis and in some cases the progression to pulmonary fibrosis [3-5].


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  3. Dorward DA., et al. “Tissue-specific immmunopathology in fatal COVID-19”. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine2 (2021): 192-201.
  4. Patel BV., et al. “Pulmonary angiopathy in severe COVID-19: physiologic, imaging, and hematologic observations”. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine5 (2020): 690-699.
  5. Elinoff JM., et al. “The tumor lysis syndrome”. The New England Journal of Medicine 365 (2011): 571-572.
  6. M Ackermann., et al. “Pulmonary vascular endothelialitis, thrombosis, and angiogenesis in covid-19”. The New England Journal of Medicine2 (2020): 120-128.
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  9. R Da Rosa Mesquita., et al. “Clinical manifestations of COVID-19 in the general population: a systematic review (2020).
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Citation: Jorge Hidalgo., et al. “C-ARDS, a Quick Approach”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.7 (2021): 50-54.

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