Mini Review
Volume 5 Issue 6 - 2021
The Impacts of Climate Change on Mental Health: Adaptation Strategies for Sustainability in Africa
Chioma Ajator1*, Benjamin Anabaraonye2, Beatrice O Ewa2, Victor Otti3 and Emma Afam Nwobu4
1Department of Community Medicine, Nauth Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
2Institute of Climate Change Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
3Department of Civil Engineering [Water Resources and Environmental], Federal Polytechnic, Oko, Anambra State, Nigeria
4Department of Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Chioma Ajator, Department of Community Medicine, Nauth Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria.
Received: April 13, 2021; Published: May 25, 2021




Abstract

The impacts and risks of climate change have far-reaching environmental, social, agricultural, and economic effects and are ultimately harmful to our health and well-being. Climate change has been discovered to not only affect our physical health but can also harm our mental health. The impacts of climate change are profoundly felt on the mental health of affected individuals which can in turn affect their communities and institutions negatively. Mitigation and adaptation strategies are therefore necessary for effective management of the impacts of climate change on mental health for sustainable development and economic growth in Africa. Everyone is at risk, but not everyone is affected equally. Groups that are especially vulnerable to the mental health impacts of climate change include children, the elderly, and women. Also at risk are disadvantaged groups, those with existing mental illness, and those with close ties to the land and vulnerable to land disputes, including farmers and tribal communities. This study recommends that interventions to address climate change and mental health need to be well coordinated in order to tackle the problem in a holistic manner. It also explores innovative solutions to the impacts of climate change on the mental health of vulnerable groups which includes the use of poetry as therapeutics. It concludes with recommendations to conduct further research in this field of study to enhance adequate knowledge and appropriate adaptation and mitigation to climate change and mental health in Africa.

Keywords: Africa; Climate Change; Education; Mental Health; Poetry; Sustainability

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Citation: Chioma Ajator., et al. “The Impacts of Climate Change on Mental Health: Adaptation Strategies for Sustainability in Africa”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.6 (2021): 67-74.

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