Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 2 - 2020
Changes in Eating Pattern and Lifestyle of Undergraduate Students in University of Benghazi
Souad F EL-mani1*, Reima M Mansour2, Amna E Abdessamad1, Etchomaly A Al-Abbar1, Nour Shallouf1 and Randa Amer1
1Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
2School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia
*Corresponding Author: Souad F El-mani, Lecturer, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.
Received: November 22, 2020; Published: January 31, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: University students are more affected by environmental circumference due to higher levels of independency and contacting with new people. While during the pre-university life, eating habits of students are mostly dependent on their family’s lifestyle and choices. This transition period of students’ life is considered as a risky phase because their physical and social status changing as well as lifestyle changing that will affect the eating habits of students. The present study aimed to determine the changes in eating pattern and lifestyle of undergraduate students after starting university.

Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted between the period of January to May 2019 in Benghazi University. Samples of 300 students were recruited to complete a questionnaire. SPSS program was used to analyze the data.

Results: More than half of students (64%) stated that they had a change in eating behavior after starting university and (59%) of them followed unhealthy eating pattern. Most of students (67%) had a sedentary lifestyle and the majority of them were having unhealthy eating patterns (p-value = 0.000). Regarding to the BMI, more than half of students had normal weight (62.6%). Half of students (50.3%) skipped breakfast, the majority of students reported that they eat less than 3 main meals (81.7%), and (81.3%) eat unhealthy frequent snacks that include (sweets and biscuits, fast foods, caffeine and soft drinks). Fast food daily consumption was higher among female students than male (p = 0.030).

Conclusion: This study highlights one of the most important period of students’ life, which indicates that student’s eating habits and their life style changed and become unhealthy. Almost all of students have unhealthy lifestyle; sleeping disorder, sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthy eating patterns; half of students skipped breakfast and most of them tend to eat less than 3 meals and snacks per day with the most frequent consumed snacks were sweets and biscuits, fast foods, caffeine and soft drinks.

Keywords: Educational programs should be established to help university students raise awareness on healthy eating behavior and regular physical activity.

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Citation: Souad F EL-mani., et al. “Changes in Eating Pattern and Lifestyle of Undergraduate Students in University of Benghazi”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.2 (2020): 73-83.

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