Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 2 - 2020
A Systematic Review: Correlation of Study Habits and Academic Performance of Medical Students
Shama Khan1*, Javeria Dawar2, Palwasha Yasin3, Sumaira Abid4, Muhammad Hussain5, Huma Balqias6 and Syed Alamdar Hussain7
1Teaching Assistant, Rehman College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
2Graduated, Rehman College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
3Internee at CMH Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan
4Physiotherapist at Zia Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
5Assistant Professor, Rehman College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
6Junior Lecturer, Rehman College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
7Lecturer, Northwest Institute of Health Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Shama Khan, Teaching Assistant, Rehman College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Received: January 10, 2021; Published: January 31, 2021




Abstract

Background: Study habits can be defined as the normal routine act of studying which also has an influence on cognitive process. Many activities are included in study habits i.e. management of time, selecting a desired study environment, setting goals, strategies for appropriate note taking and organizing the study routine. There is dependency of study habits on academic performance. A good study pattern has a great contribution towards academic performance of student as it develops a sense of working more effectively, efficiently and ultimately leading to higher scores and experiencing lesser stress in the process. Researchers claimed that study habit is one of the reasons in achieving academic success and that a relationship exist between study habits and academic performance. Therefore, the aim of this review is to find the correlation of study habits and academic performance of medical students.

Materials and Methods: Literature review regarding correlation of study habits and academic performance was conducted using databases i.e. PubMed, Ovid, Cinahl and Google Scholar. In this review only the articles published in English language from 2010 - 2020 were retrieved. Key words included for searching relevant literature were ‘study habits’ and ‘academic performance’ or ‘academic achievement’ and medical students.

Results: The author included a total of 4 studies in this review. Three of the studies showed positive correlation between study habits and academic performance of medical students. One of the studies showed negative correlation between study habit and academic performance. The score for learning motivation was highest while the score for wellbeing was lowest with r value ranging from 0.229 - 0.37. Factors affecting the academic performance of students are probation, study source, resident and gender.

Conclusion: From this study the author concluded that correlation between study habits and academic performance exists. Good study habits result in good performance of student’s this is favored by the positive correlation of three of the studies that the author retrieved while one study showed negative correlation.

Keywords: Academic Performance; Medical Students and Study Habits

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Citation: Shama Khan., et al. “A Systematic Review: Correlation of Study Habits and Academic Performance of Medical Students”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 5.2 (2020): 57-64.

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