Review Article
Volume 4 Issue 10 - 2020
400 Years of Reasons: Medical-Mistrust by the Black-American Population (and its Adverse Effect on Healthcare Outcomes and Cost to Society)
Kevin D Pruitt1 and Nicholas A Kerna2*
1Kemet Medical Consultants, USA
2SMC–Medical Research, Thailand
*Corresponding Author: Nicholas A Kerna, POB47 Phatphong, Suriwongse Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10500.
Received: September 03, 2020; Published: October 15, 2020


The health status for Black-Americans is worse than other ethnic groups due to less seeking of medical care. Many Black-Americans refuse to seek medical care due to their mistrust of the medical establishment. Cultural-mistrust, which perpetuates medicalmistrust, was used as the theoretical framework for this study. The purpose of this quantitative, hierarchical multiple-regression research was to investigate the foundations of medical-mistrust by the Black-American population, and elucidate its connection to the underutilization of healthcare services, resulting in inferior outcomes and overall increased healthcare costs and burden to society. The study was also intended to determine if age and medical-mistrust adversely affect healthcare utilization by Black-Americans when controlling for gender, income, insurance status, and education level, using the Medical Mistrust Index and Group-Based Medical Mistrust Scale as data collection tools.

Results from 148 surveys collected from Black men (n = 57) and women (n = 91) in Orlando, Florida, USA revealed that there is a negative significant relationship between medical-mistrust and healthcare utilization (r = -.023) when controlling for gender, income, insurance status, and education level. Further, it was found that a non-significant bivariate relationship exists between age (r = .032) and healthcare utilization among Black-Americans [1,2]. However, this study’s results indicate that Black-Americans of all age groups may harbor more distrust than mistrust of healthcare. Thus, this research adds further knowledge to medical-mistrust as a cause for decreased healthcare utilization by the Black-American population. It may also aid healthcare professionals with ways to decrease health disparities between Black-Americans and other ethnic-American groups, bringing about the necessary positive social change and medical assistance Black-Americans need to overcome the underutilization of healthcare services due to medicalmistrust.

Nowhere in the medical profession is trust and mutual understanding more essential and consequential than in emergency medicine and critical care settings where immediate actions and confident decisions might mean the difference between life or death. Thus, emergency medicine and critical care personnel should be more cognizant and sensitive to the long-standing and persistent medical-mistrust embedded in the psyche of specific members of the Black-American population who may present for treatment or be guardians of those with an emergency or critical care condition.

Keywords: Black-American; Biopsychosocial; Cultural Mistrust; Cultural Paranoia; Racism; Tuskegee


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Citation: Kevin D Pruitt and Nicholas A Kerna. “400 Years of Reasons: Medical-Mistrust by the Black-American Population (and its Adverse Effect on Healthcare Outcomes and Cost to Society)”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care. 2020 Oct 15; 4.11: 48-64.

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