Review Article
Volume 4 Issue 9 - 2020
Obesity and its Health Consequences: A Review
Olayinka Victor Ojo*
Federal Medical Centre Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Olayinka Victor Ojo, Federal Medical Centre Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria.
Received: August 13, 2020; Published: August 27, 2020




Abstract

Obesity has different impact on the health and its an urgent and growing health problem of critical concern and the cause of obesity are complex and multifunctional which leads to an excess calorie intake and inadequate energy expenditure. It also a risk factor for metabolic disorders and leads to serious health consequences for individuals and the burden for the health care system as a whole literature search showed that it is related to at least 18% co-morbidities which are attributable to obesity more over individuals more often suffers from physical and medical, mental, social and psychological challenges affecting virtually all ages and socioeconomic group and the health consequence range from increased risk of premature death, to serious chronic condition that reduce the overall quality of life. Obesity is a risk factor for the development of various diseases like CHD, hypertension, stroke, NIDDM, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and cancers of endometrium, breast, prostrate and colon. Psychological Consequences of obesity range from lowered self-esteem to clinical depression the literature has been extensively reviewed to give an overview of the cause. Health problem associated with the disorder, the mode of assessment of the degree of obesity, its consequences and various method of managing obesity with emphasis on diet and exercise. This study was aimed highlighting the etiology of obesity, it classification, its assessment, associated health problem and it management. Weight reduction may be lifesaving so it necessary to reduce weight.

Keywords: Obesity; Health Consequences; Overweight

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Citation: Olayinka Victor Ojo. “Obesity and its Health Consequences: A Review”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 4.9 (2020): 89-94.

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