Review Article
Volume 4 Issue 9 - 2020
In Addition to Mathematical Models, the Behavioural Theories May Explain the Reason Why Voluntary Self-isolation at Home and Voluntary Quarantine during the COVID-19 Pandemic is a Preferable Public Health Intervention
Wahida Kazi1,2*
1Masters in Public Health from University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
2Certified Public Health Inspector and Communicable Disease Investigator at Toronto Public Health, Toronto, Canada
*Corresponding Author: Wahida Kazi, Masters in Public Health from University of Waterloo, Waterloo and Certified Public Health Inspector and Communicable Disease Investigator at Toronto Public Health, Toronto, Canada.
Received: August 05, 2020; Published: August 20, 2020


Introduction: As questions raised during COVID-19 pandemic from various groups, if voluntary self-isolation makes any sense as there is no way to trace people who are on self-isolation or voluntary quarantine. The Primary purpose of this article to analyze human behavior during a pandemic to understand why people adopt recommended health behavior voluntarily. In some sections of this article, author discussed various elements of behavior change theories/models to analyze the voluntary self-isolation process or social distancing measures recommended by public health authorities all over the world. This article also shows supportive elements from the mathematical model to prove isolation, and quarantine interventions assist in reducing the number of secondary transmission during a pandemic. The author also briefly addresses ethical issues associated with isolation or quarantine to understand the impediments associated with restrictive measures to control epidemics.

Objective: The objective of this article is to discuss voluntary self- isolation or voluntary quarantine measures in light of popular socio-behavioral models.

Method: 1) Conceptual analysis and 2) A literature review.

Limitation: The author used various elements of popular behavioral models to discuss possible outcomes of voluntary self-isolation and quarantine. The limitation of this article is the lack of statistical data from previous studies using various cognitive and social constructs of behavior change models.

Keywords: Mathematical Models; Behavioural Theories; Voluntary Quarantine; COVID-19


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Citation: Wahida Kazi. “In Addition to Mathematical Models, the Behavioural Theories May Explain the Reason Why Voluntary Self-isolation at Home and Voluntary Quarantine during the COVID-19 Pandemic is a Preferable Public Health Intervention”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 4.9 (2020): 60-67.

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