Review Article
Volume 4 Issue 3 - 2020
Coronavirus Now: A Timely and Practical Summary of the Current Epidemiological Information, Clinical Presentation, and Prevention and Treatment of 2019-nCoV (2019 Novel Coronavirus)
John DiRuzzo1,2 and Nicholas A Kerna3*
1University of Health and Humanities, Tortola, BVI
2University of Science, Arts and Technology, Montserrat, BWI
2SMC–Medical Research, Thailand
*Corresponding Author: Nicholas A Kerna, POB47 Phatphong, Suriwongse Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10500.
Received: March 06, 2020; Published: March 23, 2020




Abstract

Coronaviruses can infect birds and mammals, including humans. The coronavirus 2019-nCoV is believed to have originated in Wuhan, China. To date, little is known about this coronavirus, although it shares characteristics and presentations of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, which predated 2019-nCoV. The virus can encode a large number of genes in a small number of nucleotides, making it potentially virulent and problematic to treat. Currently, there is no vaccine or approved drug regime to prevent or treat 2019-nCoV. Thus, the avoidance of the spread of the virus and the identification and isolation immediately of infected individuals are crucial to containing this contagion and averting a global pandemic. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, World Health Organization, and numerous country-specific organizations have developed and published prevention and control recommendations for patients under investigation for 2019-nCoV, specifically for healthcare workers and emergency department personnel. This review contains a summary of the current (interim) epidemiological information, clinical presentation, and prevention and treatment of 2019-nCoV, with vital links to resources regarding screening, reporting, and specimen collection.

Keywords: 2019-nCoV; Coronavirus; COVID-19; MERS-CoV; Mortality; SARS-CoV

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Citation: John DiRuzzo and Nicholas A Kerna. “Coronavirus Now: A Timely and Practical Summary of the Current Epidemiological Information, Clinical Presentation, and Prevention and Treatment of 2019-nCoV (2019 Novel Coronavirus)”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 4.4 (2020): 25-31.

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