Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 3 - 2020
Knowledge of Staff Nurses about Oxygen Therapy Working in Intensive Care Areas of Universal College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital Bhairahawa, Nepal
Piryani Rano Mal1*, Piryani Suneel2, Pandey Shama3, Gurung Jasmine3 and Shah Pooja3
1Professor and Head of Department of Internal Medicine and Chief Coordinator, Health Professions Training Committee, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
2Research Specialist, Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan
3Third Year Residents, Department of Internal Medicine, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
*Corresponding Author: Piryani Rano Mal, Professor and Head of Department of Internal Medicine and Chief Coordinator, Health Professions Training Committee, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal.
Received: January 08, 2020; Published: February 10, 2020


Background: Oxygen is a lifesaving drug prescribed to treat hypoxemia. Healthcare professionals play vital role in prescribing and administrating oxygen therapy. The staff nurses have very crucial role to play as they monitor regularly and carefully to the patients receiving oxygen therapy. So, staff nurses must have adequate knowledge about Oxygen therapy. Objective of the study was to assess the knowledge of staff nurses of Universal College of Medical Sciences (UCMS), Bhairahawa, Nepal about oxygen therapy. 

Methodology: This is a descriptive study conducted in month of October 2019. The open-ended questionnaire comprised of 17 questions was used for collection of data from staff nurses working in adult and elderly intensive care areas of UCMS Teaching Hospital. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.


Thirty-two staff nurses participated in the study. Seventy one percent defined FIO2 correctly; 81% know normal FIO2, around 59% defined oxygen therapy incorrectly; 62.5% correctly defined supplemental oxygen; 59% considered O2 as drug; around 56% know when to prescribe O2; majority know who can prescribe oxygen; most had inadequate knowledge and understanding about indication and contraindication of oxygen therapy; majority had inadequate knowledge about dosage and duration of therapy; majority didn’t know normal SpO2; participants had somewhat knowledge about methods of delivery and Long-term oxygen therapy, had knowledge about adverse effects/toxicity of oxygen therapy; around 78% know what is PaO2 and 81% know what is SaO2.

Conclusion: Overall knowledge of staff nurses was inadequate. Hospital authority has to develop training courses, organize workshops and continuous medical educational programs for the nurses to ensure the safe administration of oxygen therapy and standard quality of nursing care for patients receiving oxygen therapy.

Keywords: Intensive Care; Knowledge, Nurses, Oxygen Therapy


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Citation: Piryani Rano Mal., et al. “Knowledge of Staff Nurses about Oxygen Therapy Working in Intensive Care Areas of Universal College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital Bhairahawa, Nepal”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 4.3 (2020): 01-10.

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