Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 3 - 2020
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and Hand Hygiene Compliance in Trauma Intensive Care Units
Mohsen Savaie1*, Farid Zand2, Mansoor Masjedi3, Golnar Sabetian4, Behzad Maghsoudi5 and Monireh Feizi6
1Anesthesiologist, Intensivist, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Pain Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2Anesthesiologist, Intensivist, Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3Anesthesiologist, Intensivist, Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Trauma Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
5Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
6Nurse (RN), Infection Control Supervisor, Shahid Rajaie Trauma Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Mohsen Savaie, Anesthesiologist, Intensivist, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Pain Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Received: January 20, 2020; Published: February 08, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia in critically ill patients is very important and one of the most determinants in this way is hand hygiene compliance. Nurses who take care of the patient and staff who are in contact with the patient for any reason should be aware of the importance and methods of ventilator associated pneumonia and have been trained in this field. In this study, we investigated the knowledge of intensive care units staff about prevention methods of ventilator associated pneumonia. We also evaluated the hand hygiene compliance as one of the most important preventive factors.

Materials and Methods: We designed a descriptive study in which, the nursing staff knowledge verified by a reliable and valid questionnaire. We used observational method to check the hand hygiene compliance using a standard checklist prepared by the center for disease control (CDC).

Results: The rate of hand hygiene compliance among the staff was 48.4 ± 5%. Knowledge assessment of nursing staff regarding prevention methods of ventilator associated pneumonia, revealed that their mean acquired score was 6.1 ± 1.67 of 10.

Conclusion: In spite of the training and emphasis placed on hand hygiene in our intensive care units, there is a need for more supervision in this area for more compliance. Nursing staff awareness about prevention methods of ventilator associated pneumonia is not desirable, and we need more training in this field.

Keywords: Intensive Care Unit; Ventilator Associated Pneumonia; Hand Hygiene; Training; Personnel Awareness

References

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Citation: Mohsen Savaie., et al. “Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and Hand Hygiene Compliance in Trauma Intensive Care Units”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care 4.3 (2020): 01-06.

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