Mini Review
Volume 5 Issue 7 - 2021
Care Triad for Diabetes in Children and Adolescents - Diabetes Education, Counselling and Support
Banshi D Saboo1, Shuchy Chugh2* and Dinakaran P3
1Chief Diabetologist and Director Dia Care, Diabetes Care and Hormone Clinic, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2Diabetes Education Specialist, CDiC India, Bangalore, India
3Senior Public Affairs Manager, CDiC India, Bangalore, India
*Corresponding Author: Shuchy Chugh, Diabetes Education Specialist, Novo Nordisk India Private Ltd., Bangalore, India.
Received: April 22, 2021; Published: April 27, 2021


Around the world, there is an increase in children living with chronic diseases which includes type 1 diabetes. Care of any chronic disease not only requires medical treatment but also information, education, counselling, and holistic support. Diabetes in children is no different and child with type 1 diabetes not only requires medical management which includes insulin, diet, exercise and monitoring but also educational and behavioural interventions. Coping skills for this lifelong disorder requires diabetes self-management education appropriate to age and environment, empathy, insight, counselling and supporting relationships.


Keywords: Diabetes; Children; Adolescents


  1. ISPAD Consensus Guidelines. The management of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents (2000).
  2. Clement S. “Diabetes self-management education”. Diabetes Care8 (1995): 1204-1214.
  3. ISPAD Consensus Guidelines. The management of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents”. Edition PGF Swift. Publ Medforum, Zeist, Netherlands (2000).
  4. Brown SA. “Interventions to promote diabetes self-management: state of the science”. Diabetes Care and Education6 (1999): 52-61.
  5. Doherty Y., et al. “Stage of Change Counselling”. Chapter 5 in Psychology in Diabetes Care. Editions Snoek FJ, Skinner TC. John Wiley, Chichester, England.
  6. Goldston DB., et al. “Suicidal ideation and behaviour and noncompliance with the medical regimen among diabetic adolescents”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 36 (1997): 1528-1536.
  7. Pouwer F., et al. “Monitoring of psychological well-being in outpatients with diabetes mellitus. Effects on mood, HbA1c, and the patients’ evaluation of the quality of diabetes care: a randomized controlled trial”. Diabetes Care 24 (2001): 1929-1935.
  8. Hatton DL., et al. “Parents’ perceptions of caring for an infant or toddler with diabetes”. Journal of Advanced Nursing 22 (1995): 569-577.
  9. Jenkins CD. “An integrated behavioral medicine approach to improving care of patients with diabetes mellitus”. The Journal of Behavioral Medicine 21 (1995): 53-65.
  10. Skinner TC., et al. “Lifestyle and behavior: four theories and a philosophy: self-management education for individuals newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes”. Diabetes Spectrum 16 (2003): 75-80.
  11. Gilden JL., et al. “Diabetes support groups improve health care of older diabetic patients”. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 40 (1992): 147-150.
  12. Schwartz CE and Sendor M. “Helping others helps oneself: response shift effects in peer support”. Social Science and Medicine 48 (1999): 1563-1575.
  13. Krause N., et al. “Providing support to others and well-being in later life”. The Journals of Gerontology 47 (1992): P300-P311.
  14. Lewin SA., et al. “Lay health workers in primary and community health care”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2005): CD004015.
  15. Dennis CL. “Peer support within a health care context: a concept analysis”. The International Journal of Nursing Studies 40 (2003): 321-332.
  16. KMG Schreurs DTD. “Integration of coping and social support perspectives: implications for the study of adaptation to chronic diseases” (1997).
Citation: Shuchy Chugh., et al.“Care Triad for Diabetes in Children and Adolescents - Diabetes Education, Counselling and Support”. EC Diabetes and Metabolic Research 5.4 (2021): 33-38.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

December Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 21, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.